A poll by a mainstream firm, M&R Consultores, found that around 90 percent of Nicaraguans supported the proposal of life imprisonment for deadly hate crimes. The drama started unexpectedly in April 2018, with pensioners protesting cuts to their meager retirement allowances. Whether international pressure and offers of mediation will resolve the crisis remains to be seen. Ortega’s crackdown has Nicaragua at the brink of a breakdown. Though the fierce street battles that threw the country into turmoil have ended, the crisis has not. The Nicaraguan parliament, controlled by the ruling party, today approved an Act mandating the state to legally claim a million dollar compensation to the United States, based on a 1986 ruling by the International Court of Justice (ICJ) for damages caused during the Nicaraguan civil war. Aburto Acevedo’s romantic partner and killer, Jeison Joesma Castro Ortez, had participated in the coup attempt, and had been arrested in July 2018 on charges of terrorism, armed robbery, and organized crime. But Castro Ortez had the fortune of being named in a US-backed list of “political prisoners,” so the cold-blooded killer was freed in 2019, and unleashed on Nicaraguan society. A move of economic necessity, it also appeared to be another sign of President Daniel Ortega’s renewed confidence in power, despite international outcries over his government’s repression, which has resulted in 325 confirmed deaths and the arrests of more than 600 dissidents since last spring, among other abuses.
In 2009 the Nicaraguan Supreme Court lifted the constitutional ban that prevented presidents from serving consecutive terms, paving the way for Ortega’s reelection in 2011. Now Nicaragua increasingly looks like a country on the brink of a breakdown. His website is BenNorton.comÂ and he tweets at @BenjaminNorton. The Grayzone reported in February on the horrifying case of Ruth Elizabeth Aburto Acevedo, a pregnant 22-year-old Nicaraguan who was repeatedly stabbed by her own boyfriend, who then left her to die in a puddle of her own blood. Other articles where History of Nicaragua is discussed: Nicaragua: History: This discussion mainly focuses on the history of Nicaragua since the arrival of Columbus in the late 15th century. (This neologism is an attempted gender-neutral form of the term “presos politicos” that is not used by Nicaraguans, and is employed almost exclusively by North American liberals cultivated in NGOs and elite academic institutions.). (Reuters) - Nicaragua’s parliament voted on Tuesday to amend the Central American country’s constitution to allow life sentences for hate crimes despite criticism from human rights organizations who contend it will be used to target political opponents.. At a time when the international order is being challenged and decades-old conflicts appear to be in flux, perhaps it isn’t a surprise that anti-government protests in an impoverished Central American country initially fell under the radar last year. On the morning of September 14, Nicaragua’s national police force arrested two suspects in the department of Masaya, just south of the capital Managua. Arick Wierson and Javier Arguello Lacayo Published 12:22 PM ET Fri, 10 Aug 2018 CNBC.com [SPECIAL OFFER: Want to learn more? Investigators found evidence of systematic repression involving violations of due process and freedom of expression, arbitrary dismissal of civil servants, arbitrary detentions, enforced disappearances, torture and extrajudicial killings, amid various other violations. The power couple in Managua seemed perfectly safe. May 29, 2020 - Explore Jason Greene's board "Nicaraguan Civil War 1979-90", followed by 790 people on Pinterest. See more ideas about Civil war, Nicaraguan, War. The contra War killed 30,000 Nicaraguans and tortured/raped 100,000 (1981-1988). . — Joe Biden (@JoeBiden) September 24, 2020. All along, he enjoyed strong popular approval. Video Documentary on Nicaragua, Lies Through Omission and Fake Evidence. In response to several appalling cases of femicide in Nicaragua in September, including the ghastly murder of two young girls that sparked a nationwide scandal, Vice President Rosario Murillo raised the possibility of life imprisonment for men who kill women and carry out deadly hate crimes. The Nicaraguan Civil War of 1926–27, or the Constitutionalist War, broke out after a coup d'état by Emiliano Chamorro, a member of the Conservative Party, removed Nicaragua's democratically elected government, resulting in a rebellion by members of the Liberal Party. Nicaraguan security forces published photos showing the men had 10 sets of explosives with detonators, along with two 38 caliber revolvers, and 12 pounds of marijuana. These disinformation campaigns concerning “political prisoners” and Nicaragua’s crackdown on femicide are coordinated attacks in a larger information war against its democratically elected socialist government. ... Nicaragua March 30, 2020. Aburto Acevedo’s family demanded justice. Legislators loyal to President Daniel Ortega pushed through the amendment with 70 votes in favor and 16 against. The US government institution launched this initiative nearly a decade ago in order to train opposition NGOs to destabilize the elected Sandinista government and eventually remove President Daniel Ortega from power. Stay on top of Nicaragua latest developments on the ground with Al Jazeera’s fact-based news, exclusive video footage, photos and updated maps. International pressure on the Ortega administration has increased in recent weeks, but the situation in the country is still deteriorating, with tens of thousands of Nicaraguans having already fled into exile. Much of this was due to his economic and social policies. All rights reserved. After the Great Solar Flare of 2020, the United Nations united together to … During the last Nicaraguan civil war, over 250,000 Nicaraguan refugees sought asylum in the United States. A search of the Nicas Presos PolÃticos database that this opposition group maintains reveals that GarcÃa Gonzalez was listed. The government of President Daniel Ortega and his wife, Vice President Rosario Murillo, had every reason to feel confident that the future was secure for their dynastic project. 5 This instability plunged Nicaraguan citizens into poverty that has been largely inescapable to this day. The aim of the program was to “undermin[e] the image of the Nicaraguan government at the beginning of the electoral process of 2016.” In the last two years, USAID audits, the most recent from August 2020, show that a further $2 million has been allocated under the same program. In late August 2018, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights issued a blistering report on the political violence in Nicaragua that killed more than 300 people and injured more than 2,000 in the previous months. The police said both suspects “admit that the explosives would have been used to target the Masaya mayor’s facilities and monuments to [Sandinista] heroes and martyrs, and to spread terror and anxiety in the barrios of MonimbÃ³, San Carlos, and Divino NiÃ±o.”. The extreme political and economic volatility during and after the Nicaraguan Civil War prevented the implementation of necessary infrastructure and proper resource allocation. Nicaraguan security forces published photos showing the men had 10 sets of explosives with detonators, along with two 38 caliber revolvers, and 12 pounds of marijuana. During the 1980s, Ortega was a leftist icon thanks to his part in the 1979 Sandinsta Revolution that successfully overthrew the right-wing Somoza administration. With your copy of Surveillance, Control and Disinformation Technology you’ll also gain free registration to the WPR newsletter, delivering uncompromising news and analysis directly to your inbox. To learn more, read What ‘Normalcy’ on Ortega’s Terms Looks Like in Nicaragua for FREE with your subscription to World Politics Review. They are also amplifying the spread of disinformation. Burning Aid: An Interventionist Deception on Colombia-Venezuela Bridge? While these criminals have carried out egregious crimes, up to and including murder, especially targeting women, both the Donald Trump administration and the campaign of Democratic presidential candidate Joe Biden have repeatedly called for more supposed “political prisoners” to be released. ... Ethiopia war appeal, and a viral victory in Congo. Faced with this heavy international pressure, Nicaragua’s Sandinista government was forced to the negotiating table with the foreign-backed opposition, and was compelled in 2019 to issue an amnesty for hundreds of people who had been imprisoned the year before. Poll after poll shows Nicaragua’s elite right-wing opposition is extremely unpopular, with support from just around 10 percent of the population. Release all political prisoners now unconditionally and cease harassing them and their families. Yet many democracies are also using these same technologies in troubling ways. 3 Min Read. Most of the convicts included in these lists were arrested during a violent coup attempt against Nicaragua’s elected Sandinista government in 2018. Photos of the explosives, guns, and drugs caught on the Nicaraguan former “political prisoner” Danny de los Ángeles García González Nicaragua Is Teetering on the Edge of a Civil War, What ‘Normalcy’ on Ortega’s Terms Looks Like in Nicaragua, Get full access to World Politics Review for just $12 for 12 weeks, Nicaragua’s Politics Are About More Than Just Ortega, Despite His Hold on Power, Nicaragua’s Crisis Shows No Signs of Abating, Why observers are took the threat of a Nicaraguan civil war seriously, in, What Nicaragua’s “new normal” looks like under Ortega, in, How Nicaragua’s civil unrest is straining resources throughout Central America, in, How Daniel Ortega strengthened his grip on power, in, Why Ortega enjoyed popular legitimacy before the recent crackdown, in, How Daniel Ortega is continuing to stifle dissent, in, How surveillance technology is helping authoritarian governments stifle dissent, The Bezos hack and the dangers of spyware in the hands of autocrats, The troubling rise of facial recognition technology in democracies, How police states are expanding under the cover of COVID-19, Whether the U.S. is prepared to deal with disinformation in the 2020 presidential campaign, Why tech giants aren't doing enough to combat misinformation online, Why Russia's attempt to create its own tightly controlled internet could backfire. The #Ortega regime must also cease threats against their families and those who have been released. At least that’s how it looked on the surface. The Nicaraguan Revolution was a revolution in the central american country of Nicaragua. United States Presidential Election, 2012 (President Ventura) United States Presidential Election 2012 (LLB'sWorld) United States Presidential Election 2016 (LLB'sWorld) Since these mass pardons were issued, numerous former detainees who had been individually named in the US-endorsed “political prisoners” lists have returned to their violent ways, and have been arrested again for severe crimes, including murder, rape, and alleged terror plotting. The Grayzone’s Ben Norton interviewed relatives of Aburto Acevedo at her family home in Jinotepe, Nicaragua, and they said Castro Ortez was an “animal” and a “psychopath” who had killed people in the tranques â the bloody barricades that epitomized the 2018 coup attempt â and should never have been let out of prison. By Ismael Lopez. The report, which covered the period from April 18 to Aug. 18, detailed the government’s initial, repressive response to the anti-government protests and the subsequent “clean-up” operation to fo… Two failed attempts at dialogue last May and June were followed by more state violence against protesters, which raised the specter of civil war and allowed Ortega to regain the upper hand. And although violence against women is not nearly as widespread in Nicaragua as it is in Mexico or neighboring countries in Central America, femicide is still a concern, and the Sandinista government has tried to crack down hard on the problem. Alianza CÃvicaamnesty internationalComitÃ© Pro LiberaciÃ³n de Presos PolÃticosDaniel OrtegafemicideFSLNHuman Rights WatchJeison Castro OrtezLuis AlmagroNicaraguaOASRosario MurilloRuth Aburto AcevedoSandinistasUSAID. Learn more, in Nicaragua’s Politics Are About More Than Just Ortega, Despite His Hold on Power for FREE with your subscription to World Politics Review. Nicaragua has the fifth-highest rate of gender equality in the world, and the smallest gender gap in all of the Americas, according to a 2018 report by the World Economic Forum. How did Daniel Ortega go from being a man of the people to a veritable dictator? They had been carrying bags full of explosives, guns, and drugs. The fear of a new Nicaraguan civil war cast a shadow across the region last year, when a government crackdown against dissent turned deadly. MANAGUA, NICARAGUA – A Nicaraguan right-wing extremist who was dubbed a “political prisoner” by a US government-funded NGO and subsequently freed under pressure by Washington has once again been arrested. Another US-funded opposition NGO, the Observatorio de Derechos Humanos Nicaragua (Nicaragua Observatory of Human Rights), also included this alleged terror plotter GarÃa GonzÃ¡lez in its list of “presxs polÃticxs”. The Observatorio de Derechos Humanos Nicaragua and its directory of “presxs polÃticxs” is run by a Nicaraguan opposition NGO called the AsociaciÃ³n CÃvica por la Democracia (Civic Association for Democracy, or ACD). Post-Sandinista era But in a matter of weeks, everything changed. An anti-government protester is dragged away and arrested by police as security forces disrupt an opposition march coined "United for Freedom" in Managua, Nicaragua, Sunday, Oct. 14, 2018. During Nicaragua's devastating civil war in ... (COVID-19), walks by a mural depicting Nicaraguan President Daniel Ortega, in Managua, Nicaragua March 30, 2020. The man was caught with explosives and illegal firearms, and was allegedly plotting terror attacks against his country’s elected, UN-recognized government. In late January 2019, the Nicaraguan government announced it was implementing the very reforms that triggered the widespread protests last year and led to a brutal government crackdown. In fact, the accused terrorist Danny de los Ãngeles GarcÃa Gonzalez was named in a list that was compiled by the Washington-backed ComitÃ© Pro LiberaciÃ³n de Presos PolÃticos (Committee Pro-Liberation of Political Prisoners), a Nicaraguan NGO that is closely allied with major opposition group the Alianza CÃvica por la Justicia y la Democracia (Civic Alliance for Justice and Democracy), which was created during the 2018 coup attempt under direct supervision of the US government. The current violent repression of anti-government protests leaves little room for doubt that Nicaragua’s economic successes have come at the expense of democracy. Arguello sent a firing squad to pull De la Cerda out of his girlfriend’s bed in Rivas, marched him to … US Nato War; Economy; Civil Rights; Environment; Poverty; Media; Justice; 9/11; War Crimes; Militarization; History; Science; Nicaraguan civil society - Archive. Puedes leer este informe en espaÃ±ol aquÃ. — Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor (@StateDRL) June 17, 2020. President Ortega subsequently said the courts would discuss the potential reform. Meanwhile, the growing prevalence of facial recognition technology in authoritarian countries like Russia and the United Arab Emirates, which use it to monitor activists and suppress dissent, has raised increasing alarm among human rights advocates. After all, the former Marxist rebel, who overthrew a despised, corrupt regime back in the late 1970s and fought a U.S.-backed militia in the 1980s, has rewritten the constitution to make it possible to remain in power, while packing the courts and election boards and securing control of all the levers of power. In January 2020, the nefarious potential of such technology was vividly demonstrated when the heir to the Saudi kingdom apparently used Israeli-made spyware to breach the personal phone of the world’s richest man, who owns a leading American newspaper and runs one of the world’s most valuable publicly traded companies. But in 2016, most Nicaraguans, including 82 percent of self-identified independent voters polled at the time, believed they lived in a “free democracy.” With policymakers, analysts and academics fixated on the procedural aspects of democracy, Nicaraguans were more concerned with government responsiveness. Learn more about Daniel Ortega’s slide to dictatorship, the Sandinista National Liberation Front, and the threat of renewed conflict in the searchable library of World Politics Review (WPR): From spyware wielded by autocrats to expanded surveillance by police states under the cover of the coronavirus pandemic, new technologies are helping authoritarian governments entrench their power and target their critics. 28 September 2020 ; Nicaraguan asylum seekers face hunger in Costa Rica or dangerous returns ... the Nicaraguan government address “structural tensions and problems” related to its disrespect for human rights and civil liberties. The report, which covered the period from April 18 to Aug. 18, detailed the government’s initial, repressive response to the anti-government protests and the subsequent “clean-up” operation to forcefully remove barricades across Nicaragua erected by demonstrators, some during pitched street battles with police and security forces. With the threat of violent unrest in the past, how is Daniel Ortega now stifling dissent? He is the assistant editor of The Grayzone, and the producer of the Moderate Rebels podcast, which he co-hosts with editor Max Blumenthal. Meanwhile, the violence carried out by the former “political prisoners” has only escalated. Social unrest has revived painful memories of the Nicaraguan civil war. The ComitÃ© Pro LiberaciÃ³n de Presos PolÃticos identified 796 people in this list of supposed “political prisoners,” and its registry has consistently been used by Western governments, “human rights” organizations, and mainstream corporate media outlets. Ben Norton is a journalist, writer, and filmmaker. Nicaraguan authorities identified the suspects as Danny de los Ãngeles GarcÃa GonzÃ¡lez, 32, and William Antonio Caldera Navarrete, 39. https://t.co/3NaJNVv2af, — Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor (@StateDRL) April 10, 2020, Comunicado de la SecretarÃa General de la @OEA_oficial sobre la situaciÃ³n de presos polÃticos en #Nicaragua. Can Nicaragua’s Military Prevent a Civil War? Latest News & Top Stories. Ortega refused to release political prisoners when he let thousands of others out of jail due to COVID-19. Editor's Note: This article was first published in October 2018 and is regularly updated. Present-day Nicaragua is still recovering from its legacy of dictatorship and civil war. Reagan's contras lost....mostly democratic governments have come and gone since 1989 all non contra, and today 2020 Daniel Ortega and the FSLN Sandinista's are in power again. Wilfredo Miranda, a staunchly right-wing opposition activist and frequent contributor to The Guardian and Univision, published an article in Spain’s major newspaper El PaÃs with a wildly misleading headline claiming, “Ortega is pushing life imprisonment against the opposition for ‘hate crimes’ in Nicaragua.”. His Sandinista National Liberation Front (FSLN) succeeded in expanding its base while other parties declined. 1988 - Hurricane leaves 180,000 people homeless. Though he has since insisted that Nicaragua has returned to “normal,” conditions have only gotten worse, and that slide will surely continue over the coming months without a mediated solution. The disturbing incident is just the latest example of a growing series of former “political prisoners” who have unleashed violent chaos in Nicaragua, aimed at destabilizing the leftist Sandinista government. Anti-government protesters march outside Central American University, Managua, Nicaragua, Sept. 26, 2018 (AP photo by Alfredo Zuniga). Meanwhile, the victims of the opposition’s criminal shock troops, like 22-year-old Ruth Aburto Acevedo, have been ignored and erased by Washington and its lobbyists in the human rights industry. Learn more, in Nicaragua’s Crisis Shows No Signs of Abating for FREE with your subscription to World Politics Review. Nicaraguan president missing in action for nearly one month and counting. Download Surveillance, Control and Disinformation Technology today to take a deeper look at these trends and get a glimpse at what the future may hold.  But GarcÃa Gonzalez was later freed in February 2019, due to the Nicaraguan amnesty law that had been aggressively demanded by the right-wing opposition and its foreign patrons in the United States, European Union, OAS, and NGOs like Human Rights Watch and Amnesty International. Nicaraguan President Missing in Action for Nearly One Month and Counting. On this Feast Day of Our Lady of Mercy, I stand in solidarity with all defenders of human rights from Cuba, Nicaragua, and Venezuela â and pray for the freedom of all political prisoners. In its press release on the arrests, the Nicaraguan police noted that Danny de los Ãngeles GarcÃa Gonzalez had previously been arrested, during the 2018 coup attempt, and had been charged with conspiracy to commit terrorism and possession of restricted firearms. Nicaraguan president missing in action for nearly one month and counting Back to video As in 2014, another time he dropped off the map, his absence … In fact, while these criminals are wreaking havoc, the State Department, the US embassy, and the right-wing coup-plotting leader of the OAS, Luis Almagro, have continued to constantly call for more so-called “political prisoners” in Nicaragua to be released. Marred by acts of shocking sadism by Nicaragua’s opposition, the bloody putsch had the full backing of Washington and the OAS, which actively support Nicaragua’s opposition and automatically consider any right-wingers detained to be political prisoners. Find out more when you subscribe to World Politics Review (WPR). The ACD is bankrolled by Washington’s soft-power arm the United States Agency for International Development (USAID). 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But Nicaragua’s right-wing media publications, many of which are funded by the US government, joined with mainstream Western corporate outlets in portraying the popular proposal to punish femicide as a purported attack on the opposition. Students in Nicaragua are expected to hold new protests today. But authoritarian countries are not alone: This technology is now being harnessed for law enforcement and surveillance purposes in many democracies. Alongside the Pentagon, USAID played a central part in the US coup attempt against Venezuela’s democratically elected government. Right-wing Nicaraguan opposition groups funded by the US government have published lists of hundreds of detainees they insist are being unjustly imprisoned. 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Perhaps the most egregious example is in China, where the government has used facial recognition technology to racially profile Uighurs, a predominantly Muslim ethnic minority that is concentrated in Xinjiang province, and forcibly lock them up in internment camps. Yet while the U.N. report urged Nicaragua to end the intimidation and criminalization of protesters, the government subsequently redoubled its efforts. Our latest WPR report provides a comprehensive look at how these state-of-the-art tools are being harnessed by different governments around the world. The United States, European Union, Organization of American States (OAS), and leading so-called “human rights” organizations have aggressively lobbied for the release of Nicaraguans who they claim are political prisoners. But with loads of cash pouring in from the US government, it has resorted to spreading fake news and destabilizing the country with sporadic acts of violence. The Nicaraguan Civil War of 1926–27, or the Constitutionalist War, broke out after a coup d'état by Emiliano Chamorro, a member of the Conservative Party, removed Nicaragua's democratically elected government, resulting in a rebellion by members of the Liberal Party.The conflict came to an end after a military and diplomatic intervention by the United States resulted in the Peace of Tipitapa. There were encompasses these events that made up the revolution: the rising opposition to the Somoza dictatorship in the 1960s and 1970s and the Sandinista National Liberation Front (FSLN) attempting to oust it, then the FSLN attempting to govern in Nicaragua from 1979-1990, and the Contra War between the FSLN … Ortega dispelled the fake news when he appeared on April 15 to deliver a fiery televised speech in which he defended Nicaragua’s socialized healthcare system, called for world peace, and criticized the United States for spending so much money on war while its own citizens were dying due to a lack of healthcare. #COVID19https://t.co/USRtIyptHa pic.twitter.com/Qxh2ZIcB1Z, — Luis Almagro (@Almagro_OEA2015) April 9, 2020. And as The Grayzone revealed, USAID appears to be gearing up for another coup attempt against the Sandinista governmentÂ under the auspices of a new program called Responsive Assistance in Nicaragua (RAIN). The website describes his previous date of arrest, during the coup attempt in June 10, 2018, as the “date of kidnapping.”. Much of this violence has targeted women. The security forces charged the men with trafficking of explosives, illegal possession of firearms, and drug trafficking. The fact that much of the violence carried out by right-wing criminals has been directed at women is a source of particular concern for the Nicaraguan government. We applaud @oas General Secretariatâs April 9 call for âthe government of #Nicaragua to release all political prisoners in light of â#COVID19 . Picture taken March 30, 2020. As of June 28, the death toll in Nicaragua has reached 285, with more than 1,500 wounded. And the US embassy, OAS, Human Rights Watch, and Amnesty International have uncritically used these directories to pressure the Nicaraguan government to free everyone named. After decades of Somoza’s brutal dictatorship, anger and despair among the Nicaraguan people created the conditions for a civil war. Sierra Leone Civil War Angolan Civil War Nicaraguan Civil War Yugoslav Wars Iran-Iraq War Initially, the United Nations had over 100 thousand troops it could call in when needed. United Nations Solidarity Council . 1987-88 - Nicaraguan leadership signs peace agreement and subsequently holds talks with Contras. While the scandal attracted national media attention in Nicaragua, it was curiously ignored by the foreign press. But the unrest in Nicaragua, less than 1,000 miles from U.S. shores, quickly escalated into a crisis that grabbed global attention, when the government there continued along its uncompromising path of repression. All of this stems from the attempted coup against Nicaraguan President, Daniel Ortega, during early 2018. Key Mueller witness exposes key Russiagate lies, As Trump rejects US election, Biden signals continued regime change abroad, UK Labour civil war? For years, activists, academics and watchdogs have characterized the spyware industry as out of control, with technology outpacing the laws designed to constrain the industry’s activities. The US State Department relies on the ComitÃ© Pro LiberaciÃ³n de Presos PolÃticos’ data in its own reports on “human rights” in Nicaragua. Before the current outbreak of dissent, Ortega remained steadfastly popular with the majority of Nicaraguans, seven out of 10 of whom approved of him prior to the 2016 election, even after almost 10 years in office. @BenjaminNorton traveled to Jinotepe, Nicaragua to report the shocking story of how the US and OAS lobbied for the release of violent criminals behind a 2018 coup attempt, One man they called a "political prisoner" stabbed his pregnant girlfriend to deathhttps://t.co/6fA6TZOgmO, — The Grayzone (@TheGrayzoneNews) February 28, 2020. The majority of the leftist ruling party, the Sandinista National Liberation Front (FSLN), consists of women, and it has strongly emphasized the importance of women in the revolutionary movement. In December, attacks against the press and civil society intensified. By 1827 fortunes had changed again, and his cousin, Juan Arguello, was dictator. In late August 2018, the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights issued a blistering report on the political violence in Nicaragua that killed more than 300 people and injured more than 2,000 in the previous months. For treatment of earlier periods and of the country in its regional context, see Central America. In addition to the human toll and the erosion of the rule of law, the crisis has created serious problems for Ortega, who once enjoyed the highest approval ratings of any president in the hemisphere. Get full access to World Politics Review for just $12 for 12 weeks and read all the articles linked here to get up to speed on this important issue.]. Learn more, in Nicaragua Is Teetering on the Edge of a Civil War for FREE with your subscription to World Politics Review. The Nicaraguan Civil War is more commonly known as the Nicaraguan Revolution. There are ongoing disputes over land ownership, and Nicaragua continues to be dependent on foreign aid, mainly from the United States.Moreover, the country’s infrastructure was severely damaged in 1998 by Hurricane Mitch, which killed more than 1,800 Nicaraguans and destroyed several villages. P.S. Download your FREE copy of Surveillance, Control and Disinformation Technology to learn more today. US government-backed Nicaraguan NGOs and their sponsors among the European Union and Organization of American States have refused to comment on the crimes committed by the former “political prisoners” whose freedom they lobbied for. Last year’s protests in Nicaragua and the government’s violent crackdown in response raised fears of a new Nicaraguan civil war. (May 2018) Was It A False Flag? President Daniel Ortega’s crackdown on protests has driven the country to the brink. By Nicaraguan civil society, July 09, 2020 . Your FREE registration includes access to select articles, early announcements, and periodic discounts on our full-service subscription. The main purpose of the revolution was to overthrow the corrupt Somoza Dynasty who ruled Nicaragua from 1936 to 1979. The ACD was a one of the main “civil society” organizations incubated as part of USAID’s Capacity Building for Civil Society Advocacy (CBCSA) program in Nicaragua. THE NIGERIAN CIVIL WAR AND THE NICARAGUAN REVOLUTION BY AMBER BRAZZEL Nigerian Civil War Nicaraguan Revolution THE END CAUSES LONG TERM -declared independence from Spain in 1821 -U.S intervention in Nicaragua -"Thirty Years" -large gap between classes -Zelaya -Civil War … © 2020, World Politics Review LLC. Civil War broke out in Nicaragua, and Manuel Antonio de la Cerda became its first dictator.