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HomeUncategorizedproduction technology of tomato in pakistan

as compared to 10 ton per ha in open field as reported by GoP, 2013. Afterward mixed trend was observed in Pakistan’s agriculture (Ghaffar and Mustafa, 1997). The impact of industry characteristics on firmsâ•Ž export intensity. Major export products include Tomato on vine and Cherry tomato. Int. Declining trend of export intensity was firstly due to increasing acceptance of FMP products in the local markets and gradual development of taste in the country as envisaged from increasing trend of local sales of hydroponics products (Table 5). 2:  pp. Ltd. 2001). Supply of hydroponics products provides solution to the problem of decade old stagnancy in yield of the vegetables especially tomato to cater the increasing demand due to gigantic population increase. (Presently the trained manpower of this project has been engaged by KSA; c): Rainfall water stored in small dams is best for hydroponics production; d): Few inputs are abundantly available in the country like Apsom Salt; e): Sea port is one day travel from Potohar region of Pakistan where the technology is tested; f): Technology testing in other regions with favourable temperature; g): Major salt used in hydroponics is Calcium Nitrate which can be produced locally. A product that is high in potassium and low in sodium is likely to produce a good potassium-sodium balance in the human body, and so protects against osteoporosis and heart disease. Threats: a): Most of the Salts used in hydroponics are still imported in Pakistan; b): Taste issue (hydroponics products are mostly used uncooked as table products in the shape of Salad); c): Load shedding of electricity and natural gas can adversely affect productivity. 4.575million per ha. Abstract | Hydroponics production system is state of the art technology, ensuring round the year high quality vegetables free from any residual effects and multiple time productivity in specially developed glasshouses under controlled weather conditions during summer and winter. Dev. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Vegetable provide resistance against cancer (Van Poppel et al., 1999). Almost 50 percent of the production was missed, resulting in a gap between supply and demand countrywide. Pakistan. Scheme of data collected on different variables include Input and Output data. 1995. Better yield can be obtained by improving management practices. Tomato production technology A Lecture By Mr Allah Dad Khan Visiting Professor the University of Agriculture Peshawar Pakistan. Productivity and export intensity to high-income and low-income countries. Manag. Population of the country is rising. Study is based on primary data collected by the researcher. A report for the Rural Industries Res. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. 2010, Annual Audit Report 2010-11, Farmers Market Pvt. The major characteristics which dignify FMP tomato on vine from local tomatoes were, shining, nutrients enriched, beautiful, low sodium contents, less perishability, sweetness (best for salad), packing and homogeneity in size and color. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0308-8146(01)00376-4, http://www.thenational.ae/news/uae-news/uae-weather-temperature-soars-to-near-record-level, http://www.fao.org/docrep/008/y4893e/y4893e00.htm#Contents, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2009.01.029, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0024-6301(96)00095-7, https://doi.org/10.3923/pjbs.2001.1215.1216, www.pide.org.pk/pdf/PDR/1969/Volume4/426-441.pdf, http://www.who.int/dietphysicalactivity/publications/f%26v_africa_economics.pdf, https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/focussdgs.html, http://esa.un.org/wpp/Excel-Data/population.html, https://www.osha.gov/pls/imis/sic_manual.html, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Net_farm_income, In Vitro Antibacterial Activity of Medicinal Plant Extracts, Influence of Plant Growth Regulators by Foliar Application on Vegetative and Floral physiognomies of Gladiolus, Fiber Quality Studies with Respect to Different Cotton Insect Pests using Multivariate Analysis, Evaluation of Advanced Mung Bean Germplasm against Cercospora Leaf Spot and its In-vitro Management by Different Fungicides, Lulu Hypermarket, Shahzad Zafar Trading Est., Saudi Hypermarkets, Delmonte, Grand Castle Trading Establishment, Unifruti Middle East, Pan Fresh International, The Fresh Corner, Amer Super Fresh, Spital Field Market London, Electricity, LPG, diesel for backup Genset, Chemicals for recipe and growing supplies, Sales Promotion, exhibition, logistics and transportation. Braun, J.V. 0.63million during 2009-10. Table 5: Export intensity of FMP 2009-13. Crinò, R. and P. Epifani. Strengths: a): Hydroponics can be characterized as high productivity production system as compared to open field (tomato production achieved was 168 ton per ha. Select Journal Farmers Market Pvt. 2004. Production Technology of Tomato Under Protective Horticulture. Prices of each product were notified by the company depending upon market situation, season and prices of substitute. The geographical area of Pakistan is 79.61 million hectares (m.ha.). Hussain, Z., and Akram, W. 2008. Journal of Innovative Sciences ISSN 1010-1365. http://www.fao.org/docrep/008/y4893e/y4893e00.htm#Contents. and Ondernemersboek. Yam cultivated in Pakistan provides around 110 calories per 100 grams of product . Minist. Government of Pakistan a 2014. Occupational health and safety administration, United State Department of Labor. It is a daylength neutral plant. All international agencies have been focusing on this alarming situation of high population growth rate on the basis of their long run projections (Pinstrup et al., 1999; Braun, 2007 and 2008). Role of indigenous leafy vegetables in combating hunger and malnutrition, S. Afr. ), marketing cost (expenditure incurred on transportation of product, freight for product export, advertising and exhibition etc. The same volume of local sale doubled in 2012-13 i.e., Rs.1.29 million. Vegetables are the main item of diet in Pakistan and almost every household use some vegetable every day as food because they are cheaper source of energy (Alertor et al., 2002; Hussain et al., 2009). Consumption of hydroponics products depends mainly on income, preferences of consumer and market prices (Rual, 2005) (Figure 3). See our Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details. Under research trials of hydroponics maximum and minimum yield estimated was 245.3 and 138.3 ton per ha. Therefore, we will let you know the economics of 1 acre regular tomato cultivation. The higher cost of FMP on land was due to the use of machinery and equipment excessive to the optimally required magnitude. We focus on Tunnel farming business in Pakistan to full fill our food need. If the customers are blood of any firm in a business model, then revenue generation is the arteries. Staff-February 2, 2018. Houben, G., K. Lenie and K. Vanhoof. Many people are spending their time as a hobby for planting to attain fresh vegetables and fruits. Dev. Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/4439697. Input data include all the inputs involved in hydroponics production process and on which some expenditure has been incurred for financial analysis. Vol.29 No.1, 2016, pp:68-75. The high market cost was mainly due to this reason. 4 (10): 1215-1216. https://doi.org/10.3923/pjbs.2001.1215.1216. Yield, seasonality and export orientation in hydroponics. The estimated total world production for tomatoes in 2017 was 182,301,395 metric tonnes, an increase of 1.6% from 179,508,401 tonnes in 2016. The prices fetched by hydroponically produced Tomato on vine of FMP in each year were given in Table 4. during four-year period (2009-13). These structures have several advantages and disadvantages. Benefit cost ratio was studied and other measures of performance like export intensity, local penetration ratio etc. Weaknesses: a): It is capital intensive (fixed cost is high) technology due to both high fixed and operational cost; b): Load shedding of electricity and gas create operational hurdles; c): High humidity in monsoon cause problem for pollination of tomatoes, ultimately decreasing productivity; d): Severe weather condition during extreme summer and winter may cause decrease in productivity; e): Export by air is costly (minimum by air freight charges were US 1 $ per Kg). Maximum sea freight is US 0.2$ per kg as compared to air freight of more than 1US$. Supply of hydroponics products provides solution to the problem of decade old stagnancy in yield of the vegetables especially tomato to cater the increasing demand due to gigantic population increase. Customer value proposition is the preference of the product from its competitors in the market (Kotler, 2015). Market Shares in global imports. Improved Production Technology in Tomato crop Primary tabs. 2009. Inputs can be divided into Fixed and variable inputs. system with independent Board of Directors and management staff. Karnataka J. Agric. On a global scale, the annual production of fresh tomatoes accounts for approximately 159 million tonnes. Handbook of fruit Science and Technology: Production Composition, Storage and Processing, Marcel Dakker, New York, 156. in India (Joseph et al., 2014). Rev. Ruel, T.M., N. Minot and S. Lisa. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. ): YEAR: Punjab: Sindh: Khyber Pakhtoonkhaw: Balochistan: PAKISTAN: 1980-81: 128.15 41.8 m/2 ha in 2011-12 (Table 8). This increasing population needs more food supply for existence. Back ground paper submitted for joint FAO/ WHO conference 1-3 September 2004 Workshop on Fruits and vegetables for Health, Kobe, Japan. Tomato production processing and technology, 9. Khan 2015. Aptamers and Synthetic Antibodies In the later years Alternate crop policy was used. Exports showed mixed trend due to competition with local and surrounding regional produce in the international market. A shut down of electricity for 2-3 hours during peak summer season is enough for damaging the crop. Knowing internal strengths, external weaknesses, better opportunities and internal and external threats is important for better performance of a firm (Houban et. Hydroponics is a capital intensive modern technology and is tested in Pakistan by a company known as Farmers Market Pvt. Energy Sources ( What are biofuels) A Series of Presentation to Class By ... 49. Fruits, Vegetables and condiments Statistics of Pakistan 2011-12. even compromising 30% of winter production due to non-availability of natural gas); b): It provides best quality highly nutritious products for local and niche markets with sweet taste; c): Diversity in production of many kinds of local and exotic vegetables; d): Hydroponics products are safe for human being as they are free from all kind of pesticide spray; e): Local labor is now trained in hydroponics; f): Technology has been tested under local conditions; g): Pakistan can lead the SAARC region in hydroponics technology as the commercial unit of hydroponics vegetable production is only tested in Pakistan in the SAARC region. Soils: It grows well in all kinds of soil. Marketing cost mainly include freight on export. Adoption of modern technology is the only option for Pakistan to increase productivity of vegetables especially tomato. UF/IFAS Extension. 32.50m. In research experiments, maximum yield of tomato was obtained 41.45 ton/ha in Pakistan (Hussain et al., 2001). Resources: a): Abundant land (utilization of marginal land, out of 79.61 million ha. View (active tab) What links here; Tomato is an important commercial vegetable crop for farmers. 0.1% Ranked 35th. World Food Price Index has been decreasing with the passage of time from 210 in May 2014 to 154.1 in Dec. 2014 based on 2002-04 prices. Cultivated area in Pakistan is also limited. Received | June 17, 2017; Accepted | May 28, 2018; Published | June 13, 2018, *Correspondence | Arshad Mahmood Malik, Department of Economics and Agricultural Economics, Pir Mehr Ali Shah Arid Agriculture University Rawalpindi, Pakistan; Email: [email protected] Rosegrant. 2008. Science, Religion and Culture Hussain, F. Khan and Z.K. Productivity and wages are relatively low in agriculture sector as compared to manufacturing sector in the country and elasticity of employment in agriculture sector has drastically declined during last two decades (Irfan, 2008). Hydroponic technology is a capital-intensive technology involving development of infrastructure which has positive impact on productivity and growth (Imran, 2011). Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Research, Vol.31, Iss.2, Pages 133-144, Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Research, Vol.33, Iss.4, Pages 890-895, Shahid Nadeem, Taj Naseeb Khan, Mushtaq Ahmad, Adnan Younis and Iram Fatima, Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Research, Vol.33, Iss.4, Pages 884-889, Ghulam Sarwar, Muhammad Rizwan, Jehanzeb Farooq, Muhammad Farooq, Hafiz Ghazanfar Abbas, Farrukh Ilahi and Muhammad Asif, Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Research, Vol.33, Iss.4, Pages 878-883, Huma Abbas, Muhammad Azhar Iqbal, Muhammad Kamran, Muhammad Umar Shahbaz, Haseeb Ullah Kamber, Nazir Javed, Muhammad Junaid, Hira Abbas and Muhammad Ehetisham ul Haq, Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Research, Vol.33, Iss.4, Pages 872-877, Receive free updates on new articles, opportunities and benefits, Select Journals Monthly disaggregated Data of Farmers Market Pvt. J. Shares in this product's production. In the decades since independence, the aalu has become the country's fastest growing staple food crop. Khan. Khalid Mahmood Mughal, Sarfraz Ahmed Mian and Atta Ullah Khan provided technical support at every step. Ltd. Mgmt. This also reflects the production pattern because during these months the production of tomato stops due to old crop replacement. Hydroponics is a successful and rapidly expanding industry in the world over (Carruthus, 2002) and is developed manifold in developed countries like four to five folds in last decade in Australia (Hassall and Associates Pvt. The local sales during first year were Rs. Pak. For improving the corporate strategy of the industry, SWOT analysis is considered to be the strong tool (Hill and Westbrook, 1997). The historical trend of cultivated area shows limited scope of horizontal expansion. Food Policy Res. Vehicles include greenhouse carts and marketing vehicles. Draft Agriculture Policy of Pakistan 2013, also focused on new technology for enhancing productivity in the country (GoP, 2013). After introduction, next section describes hydroponics technology in the globe and Pakistan so that reader can understand the technology easily. 2015. The production of tomato in Sindh was 29,826 tonnes, while in Pakistan total production was 275,811 tonnes, and yield per hectare in Sindh was 5,084 kgs, while Pakistan yield per hectare was 10,752 kgs, which is very low as compared to developed countries where it can reach up to 120 tonnes/hectare. Supply of vegetable will increase in domestic market and increase in per capita consumption will improve health of the consumers. Various factors identified in analysis have been further examined and measures have been suggested to improve supply of tomato in Pakistan. 1996. The BCR was found positive at 1.07 and 1.44 for with and without casual labor respectively. Table 6: Distribution pattern of fixed cost of a hydroponic firm (FMP). 418.70 million as on 1st July 2007 (FMP, 2010). However, round wild variety is the most preferred one. US Farm Income, Congressional Res. Measurement of yield of hydroponics production system: Yield of each crop was obtained by dividing production of crop in specific area divided by area in which said crop is sown (Equation 1). Terminal wholesale market near the production facility of hydroponics was Islamabad Fruits and vegetable market. Cultivation in Aggregate Hydroponics - A Case Study from Coimbatore Region of Tamil Nadu, India. FMP was producing tomato on vine, bell pepper and cherry tomato under hydroponics system. In Sindh illiteracy rate is high and most of the farmers are illiterate. Notes and Comments PIDE. Twitter. PBS-22(08/2014) vol.62/100, Statistical division, Pakistan Bureau of Statistics, GoP. By up-scaling the green houses, all these potential clients demand can be tapped. The ratio of local sale to export would guide us the development process of local market of FMP products in the country. Their cost varies from Rs. 1. The Pakistan Council for Science and Technology has published a national ranking of the best scientists in the country; Nobel Prize. Rensburg, W.S., J. van, S.L. Pilot models of onion cultivation for adaptation to drought and salinity. www.elsevier.comrlocaterorms, Hussain, S.I., K.M. Vegetable growers can substantially increase their income by greenhouse cultivation of vegetables in off season as the vegetables produced in the normal season generally do … J. Biol. Shahnaz, A.A., A.F. Well drained light soils are good for early crop whereas heavy yields are obtained when grown in silt loam or clay loam. Worldwide development in hydroponic production: Major export products include Tomato on vine and Cherry tomato. Syst. 9.2 billion during 2011-12 (GoP, 2013). J. Sci. Daily data was then organized on monthly basis. 1 Department of Agronomy, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan. 16.25 million per hectare was used as fixed cost for further analysis with an average life of twenty years, thus incurring annual fixed cost of Rs. Hill, T. and R. Westbrook. Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Research These products have a very good market in the Middle Eastern countries and Europe. Maximum revenue earned by FMP was Rs. Res. 2014. Present world production is about 100 million tons fresh fruit from 3.7 million ha. During initial years the ratio of local sale to export was very high, i.e., during 2009-10, local sale to export ratio was 1: 4.88 (Table 3). Doe-het-zelf methode voor Doorlichten en plannen maken in kleine en middelgrote ondernemingen, CED Samson, Brussel. Average yield of tomato in Pakistan was observed to be around 10 ton/ha (Figure 1). Worldwide development in hydroponic production: Hydroponics is a process of growing plants in water, word hydroponics is differently defined in various dictionaries like in oxford dictionary, “The process of growing plants in sand, gravel, or liquid, with added nutrients but without soil”. The production facility of the company was located at Rawat, Islamabad and partly in Kalyam Awan, Gujar Khan tehsil of Rawalpindi on both sides of GT Road joining Rawalpindi to Lahore. Pakistan produced 0.566 million tons … Benefit cost ratio of tomato production under drip irrigation in net houses was found to be 5.19 with the application of farm yard manure. Proximate and nutrient analysis of selected medicinal plant species of Pakistan. BCR: BCR was calculated by dividing Gross benefits with total cost (Equation 4). ResearchersLinks is a member of CrossRef, CrossMark, iThenticate. Four years monthly data of hydroponic firm (FMP) has been analyzed to understand the seasonality in sale revenue of the firm. mimeno Università Bocconi. Ai is the total area allocated to each crop. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2009.01.029. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0024-6301(96)00095-7. Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Research, http://dx.doi.org/10.17582/journal.pjar/2018/31.2.133.144, Ministry of National Food Security and Research, 2012, The population increase is still on the up and need another boost in the yield to meet the increasing demand at national level. 1969. Dev. Crops remain in production for remaining nine months of the year. Fixed inputs include expenditure incurred on land, building, Green house machinery, computer and relation equipment’s, Electrical equipment’s, furniture, fixture and equipment’s, office equipment’s, vehicles and other physical assets. These markets are buyer driven and retailers play key role (Dolan, 1996). Average yield obtained in hydroponics in Pakistan is 168 tons per hectare as compared to national average of ten tons per hectare. Data on various production and economic variables was collected from FMP during 2009 to 2013. Rising population and stagnancy both in yield of vegetables and cultivated area of the country, are negatively affecting food supply in Pakistan. Teach. United Nation Sustainable Development, Knowledge Platform, Open Working Group Proposal for Sustainable Development Goals, https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/focussdgs.html, United Nation. 2.1 Global Tomato Production The world production of tomato experienced a steady and continuous growth in the last decades of the twentieth century. However, irrigation should be done on the basis of plant requirements. Sample firm was Farmers Market Pvt. http://www.thenational.ae/news/uae-news/uae-weather-temperature-soars-to-near-record-level. 1Department of Economics and Agricultural Economics, Pir Mehr Ali Shah Arid Agriculture University Rawalpindi, Pakistan; 2Department of Economics, Preston University, Kohat, Islamabad Campus, Pakistan. Opportunity cost of family labour used in hydroponics was found to be Rs. China was by far the largest producer, accounting for nearly 33% of global produ Pakistan is among the low vegetable consumption prevalence countries where vegetable consumption prevalence was estimated as 99.2% in men and 99.3% in women (Hall et al., 2009). The freight from Pakistan to Middle Eastern countries revolves around 1US$. FMP was selected as only option for sample analysis. Energy Sources ( Production of biodiesel from jatropha) A Series of Prese... 47. 2001. Cultivated area of Pakistan is only 22.2 m.ha. were also analyzed. In Pakistan 50 million people are working in agriculture sector and producing 25 million tons of food grains (Hussain and Akram, 2008). Instead of Rs. Major destination of FMP products was UAE, Qatar, KSA and Bahrain. Agricultural Economics Research Review, 24(1). Ltd which is unique entity involved in commercial production of hydroponic products in Pakistan. 2 Soil Agriculture Research Center Lab D-138, Institute of Soil and Environmental Sciences, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan. new technologies to enhance crop yields and income of households. www.pide.org.pk/pdf/PDR/1969/Volume4/426-441.pdf. Export intensity is the common measure of export performance of a firm or country (Reis and Forte, 2014). Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences Heever, H.J. The green stalk has high carbohydrate contents so it is an enchanting feed for poultry. Carla. Energy Sources ( Jatropha oil as bio -diesel ) A Series of Presentation t... 46. Tomato export was negligible until 2000 from Pakistan and it has increased since 2007. Tomato is a rapidly growing crop with a growing period of 90 to 150 days. © 2020 ResearchersLinks. market of Pakistan; b): The structure of machinery and equipment was western based, where cold weather is dominant feature, resulting in requirement of efficient heating system. Hussain, J., A.L. 2004. Netshiluvhi, E.V.D. Tomato. Sci. Looks like you’ve clipped this slide to already. Abdus Salam – winner of the Nobel Prize in Physics (1979) for his electroweak theory that combines weak nuclear force and electromagnetic forces. July 26, 2017. Hydroponic tomato production and productivity improvement in Pakistan. Pakistan’s Agricultural Development since Independence: Intertemporal Trends and Explanations. Current produc on methods adopted are focused on reducing crop risk through an excessive use of pes cides which, along with low yields, contributes towards increasing the price point at which farmers can sell to processors. DOI | http://dx.doi.org/10.17582/journal.pjar/2018/31.2.133.144, Keywords | Hydroponic, Vegetable, Cost benefit, Economics, Financial viability, Productivity, JEL. Finance Division, GoP. The crop can be harvested in 60 – 65 days and it can be grown in most parts of the country. Cost and Return Structure for the Promising Enterprise of Off-Season Vegetables in Himachal Pradesh. Ltd was also collected from 2009 to 2013. Croucher, M. 2013. Ministry of National Food Security and Research 2012. Largest tomato producing countries export their best quality tomatoes with high prices. These markets are buyer driven and retailers play key role (Dolan, 1996). Tomato is an important vegetable in Pakistan which is used This calls for the increase in productivity through optimal and efficient use of available technologies (Bravo-Ureta and Pinheiro, 1997). One cart is enough for one acre of green house. Pakistan Agriculture Research Council . Med. Sample firm was Farmers Market Pvt. The expenditure on food was mainly determined by socio-economic factors in Pakistan (Habib et al., 2015). At macro level, imports of the country will be converted to exports. Methodology of the paper is given after description of hydroponics technology which is followed by results and discussion and conclusion. The value of export intensity also indicated that FMP and or hydroponics production system has more global acceptance and has more potential of export in the agriculture sector. Pakistan is generally facing serious trade deficit from decades despite adopting all measures of export promotion (Badar, 2006). Science, technology and innovation for sustainable development in the global partnership for development beyond 2015, Thematic Think Piece ITU, OHCHR, UNCTAD, UNEP, UNESCO, UNFCCC, UNIDO, WIPO, WMO, UN system task team on the post 2015 UN Development Agenda. The Pakistan development review. 1999). Annals of King Edward Medical University Irfan, M. 2008. Utilizing the analytic hierarchy process _AHP. It supports farmer in understanding return from labor, management and capital (Wikipedia, 2015). Res. and C.G. 41-52. Sci. Frequency or intervals between windbreaks is dictated by distance between tomato rows, spray or harvest alleyway intervals, land availability and equipment characteristics. The export intensity of FMP hydroponics project was very high in the initial years (0.83 in 2009) and gradually decreased during subsequent years and reached to 0.63 during 2012-13 (Table 4) but still is on higher side (above 0.5) indicating FMP as export-oriented firm. Vorster and J.A. Latest technologies have dramatically increased the production of the crop. SWOT analysis: It’s time for a product recall, Long Range Planning, Volume 30, Issue 1, February 1997, Pages 46–52. 2009. Global variability in fruit and vegetable consumption Am J. Prev. Pakistan Economic Survey 2013-14. Variable of the study were area, area allocation decisions of farmer, customer structure, markets, costs involved in production process and revenue earned from selling of the produce in both local and in export market. Pakistan is the country of about 188.02 million people (GoP, 2014), the world sixth biggest populated country (United Nation, 2014). Ltd. 2001. Source: Authors’ compilation based on FMP data. There has been a progressive increase in area and production of tomato in Pakistan. Ltd. (FMP), a company registered in Pakistan with Security and Exchange Commission of Pakistan (SECP) under company’s ordinance 1984 during 2003, is the main body in this study. Various crops produced at FMP were tomato on vine, cherry tomato, bell pepper and other mixed vegetables. The ratio of local sale to export would guide us the development process of local market of FMP products in the country. Determining import intensity of exports for pakistan, state bank of pakistan, research bulletin. By. Due to limitation of resources especially energy resources, effect of weather was also observed on production. The data was maintained on daily basis and appropriate registers were maintained. 2010. During sixties, Pakistan experienced multiple increases in yield of different crops as onset of green revolution in the country. al. Traditional farming ( difference between traditional and conventional far... 50. Per capita supply of vegetables in Pakistan is lowest as compared to its neighboring countries. This technology can increase productivity of vegetables in the country and revolutionize the horticultural sector. April 2013. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. The company is incorporated for production of horticultural crops in high tech. Calif. Press on behalf of the Nat. 78(1): 63-68. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0308-8146(01)00376-4. A farmer having own land can save this cost in terms of capital cost. of Labor 2014. Maximum yield of cherry tomato recorded was 57±26 t/ha. 2009 May;36(5): 402-409.e5. In local market cost was incurred on transportation and promotion activities while in export market, CNF price was offered to the client. Venter, T.R. Customer value proposition of FMP products. So, ratio of (1.0: 0.1) is required between production area and machinery equipment. This company is pioneered in production of hydroponics horticultural crops in the country. Total area of the facility was 20,000 sq. (IFPRI’s) Bi-Annual Overview of the World Food Situation presented to the CGIAR Annual General Meeting, Beijing. Sarhad Journal of Agriculture Measurement of yield of hydroponics production system: Seasonality in production and sales of hydroponics: In hydroponics production system, cost of production is higher even from off season vegetables production system due to its industrialized nature and need equipment and machinery for running every operation and further automation of the system. UN SDG. Now a day’s majority of the items were available at cheaper price in domestic. The technology has many benefits for the farmers at micro level and for the country at macro level. In Adv. maintenance of tomato product quality. FMP was involved in selling its products in local and export market. Hydroponics production system is state of the art technology, ensuring round the year high quality vegetables free from any residual effects and multiple time productivity in specially developed glasshouses under controlled weather conditions during summer and winter. Marketing is the process of selling goods in local and international market. Prod. In Dictionary.com “the cultivation of plants by placing the roots in liquid nutrient solutions rather than in soil; soilless growth of plants” and in Wikipedia, “Hydroponics is a subset of hydroculture and is a method of growing plants using mineral nutrient solutions, in water, without soil”. What are these? Pakistan J. Variable of the study were area, area allocation decisions of farmer, customer structure, markets, costs involved in production process and revenue earned from selling of the produce in both local and in export market. FMP. The basic investment on green houses and other machinery and equipment’s used to run the system was Rs. Bontje, J.C.B. Irrigation in tomato production is quite important for healthy growth of plants, quality and quantity of fruits. The month of September and October are the lowest sale months of hydroponic firm. Tomato is cultivated in different zones of Pakistan round the year and it is available to consumers round the year in every market (Chohan and Ahmad, 2008). Gradually the local market developed and this ratio decline to 1:1.42 in 2012-13. At FMP, this gestation period for tomato on vine was observed to be three months, for cherry tomato two and a half month and for bell pepper three and a half month. Few elements of the machinery and equipment were not required in Pakistan climate and even many of them can be reduced if installed in climatically favorable zones like moderate zones of coastal areas of Sindh and Baluchistan, Abbottabad, Potohar and few areas of KPK province of Pakistan. Pinstrup, P.A., R.P. Ltd which is unique entity involved in commercial production of hydroponic products in Pakistan. Price fluctuation was envisaged in case of tomato on vine due to availability of substitute. Rev. During initial year the minimum value touches zero as all crop ends. The products of FMP were of high quality and produced under strict food safety standards ultimately increasing cost of production. Depart. Table 4: Pattern of Total Revenue Generation by 2 ha FMP Hydroponics Farm 2009-13. This rapid development of local market is a clear indicator of future prospects of hydroponics technology in the country. United Nation department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division, Population Estimates and Projection Section. World food prospects: Critical issues for the early Twenty First Century. Rev. Revenue plays an important role in the development of successful business model. Int. Res. Green house production technology is changing yield of different crops so rapidly than before (Jenson, 1999). Food Policy Res. This was successful policy and provides revenue during these days/ months. Assoc. Salunkhe, D.K. Estimating Yield Potential of the Major Crops and its Implications for Pakistan’s Crops Sector. Hydroponic is capital intensive technology (Jensen, 1997) as against tradition agriculture which is labour intensive. Data was collected from FMP on monthly basis from 2009-2013. Market Shares in global exports. http://esa.un.org/wpp/Excel-Data/population.html, United States Dept. Ronde. Costs in hydroponics production system: Cost of production of off season vegetables vary from crop to crop. GPS location of the hydroponics plant is 33.424054 N and 73.223550 E. This study is based on primary data collected from FMP. The world food situation: New driving forces and required actions. 40(4): 871–884. The company developed its own system of inputs purchase and inventory management, crop production, sale of crop and its marketing and export. Page 127-130, Finance Division, GoP. With advances in weed and disease control technology, this type of production may become more feasible in the future. Per Acre. Bala, B., Sharma, N., & Sharma, R. K. 2011. By increasing share of local sale in export, this cost can also be decreased significantly. Technol. Average annual production of tomato on vine under hydroponics was recorded as 161±7 ton per ha. Issue 63: March/April –2002, Story Title: Hydroponics as an agric. Table 8: Production and Revenue Generation of different vegetables at FMP (2009-13). Citation | Malik, A.M., K.M. He assured that importers have decided to import tomatoes from Iran. This study has been designed to analyze the hydroponics production system and productivity improvement option in Pakistan and its future prospects. The data include quantity of product sold to each client and prices of each product. 2018. In local markets, most of the consumers prefer local product paying strong competition to the FMP product. Khan, M.I. Important elements like fiber, vitamin A, vitamin C and potassium are found in tomatoes. Variable inputs include labor, energy (WAPDA electricity bills, diesel for generators during load shedding hours and Liquefied Petroleum Gas LPG used during 2009-10), input supplies (chemicals, growing supplies, Rockwool, coco peat slabs, etc. Food and Agriculture Organization of UN statistics.

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