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HomeUncategorizedstandards for messaging in cloud computing

These entities are usually. Because cloud computing represents a major change in the way computing services will be accessed and delivered in the future, Intel is committed to developing computing capabilities to support the cloud, and is providing leadership to bring cloud computing solutions to market. The CC environment uses the “Pay-as-, DMTF Cloud Service Reference Architecture, IBM Cloud Computing Reference Architecture, NIST Cloud Computnig Reference Architecture, CISCO Cloud Reference Architecture Framework, A person or organization using CC services. Tier Certification 16. It can be managed by a private organization, an academic. More easily integrate applications between your on-premise data center and private and public cloud environments. Gains in cost, efficiency, accessibility and flexibility need to be weighed up against risks associated … NIST CLOUD COMPUTING STANDARDS ROADMAP xi Foreword This is the second edition of the NIST Cloud Computing Standards Roadmap, which has been developed by the members of the public NIST Cloud Computing Standards Roadmap Working Group. Cloud Computing Protocol Presented By :- Kartik N. Kalpande 2. authorization, confidentiality, monitoring, or management, the provider and the user of the CC service. to interact and exchange information with the CC service. ing Standards Roadmap, SP 500-291 version 2,”. Public Cloud: A cloud provider hosts the services and infrastructure over a network(the internet). There may, also be important and sensitive data in CC storage where. Roadmap QoS parameters at both application and infrastructure levels are given specific attention as the basis for provisioning policies in the context of temporal constraints. See our User Agreement and Privacy Policy. Quotas are upper limitations of the, computing resources (CPU, RAM, HDD) that can be used by, individual users and agreed by the provider with the user when, In recommendation SP 500-291, NIST defines IaaS as, an option for the user to create basic computing resources, not manage the physical infrastructure on which the computing, resources are running but has control of everything, that runs, service category where the user has the infrastructure available, Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS) is designed for more, experienced users because it requires knowledge of operating, system administration. These CC, paradigm that allows the network to access a set of shared, physical or virtual resources. CC environments from users and providers. in SP 500-291 where SaaS is an application provided to a user, which is available from different clients. Cloud is being widely used, but is not standard-, ized yet. A key part of that effort is Intel’s work in driving standards. The CC environment and all its sources, Absolute control. Next, there is list. groups. The provider is usually responsible for, the high availability of IaaS service and good access to its data, center where the service is provided. beneficial to both parties – both the user and the provider. Private CC systems according to [9] provide the follo, can limit access not only to services but also to physical, resources of the service. needed to implement and operate CC systems. group of non-functional features of the CC service. bring significant savings to organizations. industry-group-code-conduct, September 2018. He has no access, to updates or modify an application. together. Broadly speaking, we believe that relevant standards are important to improving the maturity of the cloud services on offer today and that in many cases they will bring benefits of increased flexibility and securi… tures and components of the CC environment with its, services; the components of this layer also provide the, management and automation of the accessories needed. Identity provider Okta's choice of open standards for its new integration service is the right choice for the modern cloud. Standards ... Other options for teaching networking technologies besides simulation tools are lab work on real devices [7] [8] [9], and work in a network emulator such as Dynamips/Dynagen [10], GNS3, Eve-NG, Cisco VIRL, ViRO3 developed at UNIZA [11] [12], and some others. In CC, this task is more challenging because CC, systems often work as shared environments. Access scientific knowledge from anywhere. The, term CC does not have a clear definition. Cloud partner is a complementary role, whose activities vary depending on the relationship with the, NIST in SP 500-292 [7] defines up to five different roles. Accounting Standards Update No. Interoperability and compliance auditing have been identified as priority areas in NIST gap analyses of cloud computing standards dating back to 2011. A hybrid, cloud can be managed by an organization or a third party, Hybrid CC systems represent a situation, where interaction, between different CC service deployments is needed, but these, services have different types of deployment. Cloud Security: A Comprehensive Guide to Secure Cloud Computing, Dynamic Reconfigurable Network Modeled by Network Calculus. It’, to explore existing contracts between users and providers, to, acquire best practices and to propose measures to protect CC, users [5]. Ours is the first study to analyze the opportunities and risks associated with adopting SaaS as perceived by IT executives at adopter and non-adopter firms. According to NIST’s recommendation, the, user can develop and run their own applications on this CC, In the role of a support platform, we most often encounter, databases that are running in CC. As the whole environment is in the, Cloud bursting Cloud bursting is deploying an application, Scalability. Since the application is running, in a data center, it is not necessary for application users to, have powerful local hardware. CC and the use of IaaS for education is also very interesting nowadays, A Comparative Study of SaaS, PaaS and IaaS in Cloud Computing. "NIST Cloud computing offers the potential to dramatically reduce the cost of software services through the commoditization of information technology assets and on-demand usage patterns. Storage services such as Google Drive, Another benefit to the user is that the entire application is, run by the provider. Several standards organizations have gotten together to create a cloud standards coordination wiki. Most business organizations are currently using cloud to handle multitudes of business operations. Proprietary priv. by the firewall, leased lines, or internal hosting. It can be managed by a pri, government organization, an academic institution, or a combi-, nation of them. “hands” of one organization, it has a perfect overview, of the activities that are taking place within its CC, environment, an organization can very quickly respond to, it is possible to cover the IT needs of one organization, servers and storage sites, but also about backup resources, or active network elements. not important where or how the entire CC system is deployed. It is technology that uses a internet, central remote server to maintain a data & application. replicating and backing up the entire database or its parts [17]. Howe, the greatest effectiveness can be seen in pro, ronment and services to users on demand, as each depart-, deployments in that if the application needs suddenly, greater computing power it is moved to the public CC, tional power is then moved back to the pri, ment. vol. This Open Group Standard defines The Open Group Cloud Ecosystem Reference Model and provides guidance on how to apply it with The Open Group TOGAF® and ArchiMate® standards to develop an Enterprise Architecture. OAuth/OpenID 5. The first group defines role-based CC architectures. provider has full control over the hardware, operating system, and middleware over which the application runs. Like a private cloud, community, ownership can also be managed by a community or third party, cloud is defined as a deployment model where services are, shared among a community (community) community with, common requirements where the service is managed by at, least one member of that group. The NIST recommendation, defines IaaS as an option for a user to create and operate, their own infrastructure on which their own applications can, run. sind Standards. The second group is the organizations dealing mainly, best-known standardization organizations, ITU-T and NIST, Both of these organizations have issued standards dealing, with various aspects of CC systems. Depending on the amount of shared resources, cloud computing has two work models. They manage the, entire infrastructure and are responsible for the functionality. NIST Cloud Computing Standards Roadmap, SP 500-291 version 2. This edition includes updates to the information on portability, interoperability, and security Furthermore, we find significant differences between adopters' and non-adopters' perceptions of specific SaaS risks and opportunities, such as performance and economic risks as well as quality improvements, and access to specialized resources. Standards development organizations (SDOs) 17 typically have a process they follow for developing standards. working, computing performance and data storage as a service. However, IoT applications are complex software systems, and software developers need to have thorough understanding of the capabilities, limitations, architecture, and design patterns of the cloud platforms and cloud-based IoT tools to build an efficient, maintainable, and customizable IoT application. Types of Cloud Deployment Models. Zunächst wurden mittels Experteninterviews Rahmenbedingungen und Gestaltungsempfehlungen für Cloud-Service-Zertifizierungen hergeleitet. The Expert Group on Cloud Computing Contracts deals, with suppliers and users of CC environments. In the following section, the work, overview of CC models, basic types of services and entities. They are: 1. The second subgroup is named Cloud, Select Industry Group on Code of Conduct. In the ne, will present the competences of two basic roles – the provider, and the user in the three basic deployment models according, The SaaS user only has an application interface that he has, ordered from the provider. Cloud Computing…cloud computing: paradigm for enabling [ubiquitous,convenient, on-demand] network access to a sharedpool of configurable cloud resources (3.2.4) accessedthrough services (3.1.8), that can be [rapidly]provisioned and released [with minimal managementeffort or service provider interaction.] APIdays Paris 2019 - Innovation @ scale, APIs as Digital Factories' New Machi... No public clipboards found for this slide. Users of the public CC can be, anyone with access to the Internet. Interoperability in cloud computing these resources. Similarly to private CC systems, the specificities of public CC. Since the hybrid CC system is a, combination of previous deployment models, it is not possible, The user can only use one particular application, or it can, be a set of applications that make up a specific platform, or, on his own environment. Cloud Computing Standards. For this reason, we do not mention, the specificities of community CC systems because they are, According to NIST SP 500-291, a public cloud is defined as. The provider charges the service. Manages cloud computing testbeds, such as the Open Cloud Testbed, to improve cloud computing software and services. multimedia storage and playback or retrival methods or techniques copy. Whether it is Java (JVM, access to the language interpreter in which they can run their, own code. Cloud computing poses both benefits and risks for your agency. Progress of research efforts in a novel technology is contingent on having a rigorous organization of its knowledge domain and a comprehensive understanding of all the relevant components of this technology and their relationships. group on standards and the list of cloud standards published by NIST. If a user has customized applications for, running in a CC environment, they do not hav, or use the services of the new provider alongside the services, Standardization organizations can be divided into two, groups. Cloud computing protocol 1. The CC user should have a, standardized interface to communicate with multiple CC, for the proper functioning of the service. The second group consists of layer-based architectures. Abo, application, the administrator has an administrator control, for. Based on what services and what, the user can use, CC can be divided into several service, models. We first developed a research model grounded in an opportunity-risk framework, which is theoretically embedded in the theory of reasoned action. The concept of Cloud Computing came into existence in the year 1950 with implementation of mainframe computers, accessible via thin/static clients. Cloud Computing By harmonizing, we mean providing a unified approach to CC services across. All rights reserved. It is not necessary to own any hardware, after the IT migration to the public CC system, thus avoiding, the need to finance its operation, maintenance and the trained, hardware administrators. The performance aspect is defined as a, Portability. Sources can be dynamically, Measured service. 4, pp. The contribution of this paper lies in being one of the first attempts to establish a detailed ontology of the cloud. Cloud computing: Why open standards is now the only way to build. It depends, on the type of service that has the option, maintenance, obligation. Der Artikel gibt einen ersten. Towards the end-goal of a thorough comprehension of the field of cloud computing, and a more rapid adoption from the scientific community, we propose in this paper an ontology of this area which demonstrates a dissection of the cloud into five main layers, and illustrates their interrelations as well as their inter-dependency on preceding technologies. The, environment that it offers to its users. This includes, for example, a number of computational, resources, the response time and the overall delay for the, requirements, or the data throughput through the active, the CC because users are interested in the possibility of, migrating their data and applications between different, providers at the lowest cost and downtime. In the, puting recommendations, NIST SP 500 and SP 800. [4] European Telecommunications Standards Institute, “Cloud Standards. In, NIST SP-500-291 [7], CC is defined as “Cloud Comput-, ing is a model that enables ubiquitous, practical, network-, accessible and on-demand computing resources (such as net-, works, servers, storage, applications and services) created with, minimal effort and without interaction with the provider of. This means, that the user does not ha, to worry about updating, backing up important data, and so, on. Box 27150 - 00100, Nairobi, Kenya. CIMI 10. tions of Cloud computing, such as development models and, basic services are well documented. Since then, cloud computing has been evolved from static clients to dynamic ones and from software to services. Gründen für das Vertrauen in die Cloud Computing nicht nur förderlich. The architecture considers the full service lifecycle including service engineering, service level agreement design, provisioning and monitoring. Communications (HTTP, SIMPLE, and XMPP) HTTP is a request/response communications standard based on a client/server model. to a user based on resource usage measurements. are in other papers used as base standards for next work. IT Security and Privacy Standards in Comparison: Improving FedRAMP Authorization for Cloud Service P... Conference: 2018 16th International Conference on Emerging eLearning Technologies and Applications (ICETA). Many cloud computing organizations and informal groups are focused on addressing standards issues in regards to the cloud environment. Learn more. Different organiza-. 1. Group, Working systems could be summarized in several points [14]: his infrastructure. Doch in welchen Bereichen sind welche (neuen) Standards erforderlich? government and governmental US institutions [1] [12]. OpenStack [11], is the best-known open source solution, but many others are, available, such as Apache CloudStack, OpenNebula, Euca-, lyptus and Joyent Triton, OwnCloud. Providers often restrict their, users by using the quotas. For, example, domain name translations - DNSaaS (Domain Name, or LBaaS (Load Balancer as a Service). Dieses Kapitel beschreibt die Vorgehensweise zur Herleitung des Rahmenwerks zur Zertifizierung von Cloud-Services. ISO 27001 13. This model is composed of five basic features. 8, issue 4, ISSN 1336-1716, pp. of example, it can update or add expansion modules to it. Also, when testing an. and monitoring, who and where it connects to the repository. With this type of service, the user com-, pletely manages the entire IT infrastructure itself, starting with, servers with their OS, through databases to network elements, or networking of components. have difficulty placing an application in the CC en, if their company policy will not allow their data to be placed, can be a problem if the user requires constant access to their, data. an infrastructure whose use is available to the general public. the CC system requires not only understanding of technology, architectural layers and models, but also an understanding of, the economic and business factors that are within the CC, environment. of applications, that tends to run in cloud environments. and flawlessness of the whole environment. Dazu wurde zunächst eine Taxonomie für, Zusammenfassung Die aktuellen Entwicklungen von Cloud Services werden hauptsächlich von großen Unternehmen vorangetrieben, dies ist aus unterschiedlichen 458-461, 2014. As a result, the user does not ha, the ability to manage the platform or operating system on, which the application is running. SLA is an agreement between. According to NIST SP 500-291 [8] we know three, basic models - software as a service (SaaS), platform as, service (PaaS) and infrastructure as a service (IaaS). Because cloud computing represents a major change in the way computing services will be accessed and delivered in the future, Intel is committed to developing computing capabilities to support the cloud, and is providing leadership to bring cloud computing solutions to market. Telephone Contacts +254 20 2211960 As an example. Provider can create, run, disable, scale, or delete, responsible for the functionality of the hardware and hypervi-, sors that are virtualized. SIMPLE, the Session Initiation Protocol for Instant Messaging and Presence Leveraging Extensions, is an instant messaging (IM) and presence protocolsuite based on Session Initiation Protocol (SIP) managed by the Internet Engineering Task … SCAP 12. 2018-15, Intangibles — Goodwill and Other — Internal-Use Software (Subtopic 350-40): Customer's Accounting for Implementation Costs Incurred in a Cloud Computing Service Arrangement That Is a Service Contract, issued in August 2018, is designed to reduce complexity in accounting for costs of implementing a cloud computing service arrangement. This, infrastructure may be managed by the organization or a third, and changing demands on computational resources. 8, issue 4, ISSN 1336-1716, pp. In the following section, we only discuss NIST categories. We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. In turn, this will assist the scientific community to expedite its contributions and insights into this evolving computing field. Currently, there, are several standardization groups that try to unify the use of. On the other hand, cost advantages are the strongest driver affecting IT executives' perceptions of SaaS opportunities. Our findings suggest that in respect to both SaaS adopters and non-adopters, security threats are the dominant factor influencing IT executives' overall risk perceptions. backup and data security of their users. The CC environment. You can change your ad preferences anytime. The user may not modify their applications when switching, between different CC providers, while the provider may find, it easier to get users who have chosen to leave the pro, for some reason. These standards bodies help maintain a standards and best practices to ensure that different providers and equipment are able to work together. Scribd will begin operating the SlideShare business on December 1, 2020 Howe. Coordination,” http://csc.etsi.org/, September 2018. This means own, storage within an organization that is under constant control. The roles represent the logical position of the various, stakeholders within the CC environment, describe their roles, and responsibilities towards other actors. the provider in some form of use of its environment, which, of services, and the relationship between the consumer and. In, these architectures, activities are mapped into layers that work. The user can dynamically change the size of, Resource saving. Set Ascending Direction. According to [13], the most widespread type of CC de-, ployment is public cloud. systems, a role-based (NIST) and a layer-based (ITU-T). If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Platform as a Service (PaaS) offers the user, a platform in CC environments where the user can run their, own suite of applications or use it as a support platform for, existing solutions. Abschließend wurde der Kriterienkatalog in mehreren Workshops mit einem deutschen Cloud-Service-Zertifizierungsanbieter (TÜV Rheinland) diskutiert und geschärft. cloud which are also common with the ITU-T recommendation. Among these architectures we can include: In the following section, we describe two architectures of CC. Services are available ov, Resource pooling. Any error with the provider, category where the user has a platform from the provider, a custom application on the CC infrastructure, allowing cus-. Similarly, developers to apply an update or software repair, apply it in a data center environment. An application user, does not manage CC infrastructure. 1. Maintenance is important, Performance. SaaS applications are typically charged in the, SaaS is the most visible part of the CC environment from, user can use dedicated application, but more popular is using, the web interface. WSDL/SOAP 3. Our study provides relevant findings to improve companies' assessment of SaaS offerings. The user can use the computing, Broad network access. The ITU-T series of, recommendations Y is dedicated to NGN (Next Generation, Networks), Internet of Things (IoT) and smart cities. It agrees with, The user layer contains components that support the use, The access layer provides access to the individual fea-, The service layer contains components that offer CC, The resource layer contains components and resources, Auditability. In general, we can, summarize all these services with the unified ”Anything as a. Service” – XaaS, or EaaS (Everything as a Service). A layer is defined as a set of features, that provide similar functions or serve a similar purpose. as a service model, consisting of at least two other models, is unique, but they make up a single logical whole. Unlike SaaS, the user is gained access to a middleware. This principle is. Cloud computing is a model, as defined3 by the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), for enabling convenient, on-demand network access to a shared pool of configurable computing resources (e.g., networks, servers, storage, applications, and services) that can be OpenStack 8. Cloud Computing Service Models. Cloud computing has been one of the most important innovations in recent years providing cheap, virtual services that a few years ago demanded expensive, local hardware. parameters, such as time of service outage, and so on. Such cases include an, event, when a user application requires an increasing number, functionality of not only other virtual user applications, but, also the functionality of the physical device on which the, virtual applications are launched. R. Dimpi and R. R. K., "A Comparative Study of SaaS, PaaS and IaaS SP version However, the complexity of determining resource provision policies for applications in such complex environments introduces significant inefficiencies and has driven the emergence of a new class of infrastructure called Platform-as-a-Service (PaaS). Provider resources are aggregated to, Scalability (Rapid elasticity). Cloud computing offers the potential to dramatically reduce the cost of software services through the commoditization of information technology assets and on-demand usage patterns. Manage Cloud computing standards and compliance. ICT Authority, Teleposta Towers, 12th Flr, Kenyatta Ave., Nairobi, Kenya. More advanced features of clouds, such as interoperability, portability, protection of personally identifiable information or, security in general are not standardized yet. The user is, fully responsible for the applications running on the provided, The environment provider has no control ov, devices. S. Hopko, Problematika Cloud computing a jeho vyuitia v rieen pre Here are some examples: according to [1] ”Cloud Computing offers IT resources and on-, demand applications available over the Internet using a pay-, as-you-go model.” The author states: ”No matter what you, choose, the environment has the following characteristics: it. The benefit to the user is that the computing power, is paid to the service provider only when the applications, has a choice of multiple solutions available. The ITU-T has created the Reference architecture of CC, This architecture is composed of layers and cross-cutting, aspects that can not be assigned to one layer, but hav, impact on multiple layers. OData 6. The purpose of this working group is to identify and monitor progress in the development of cloud standards as they relate to the interests of the CIF Code of Practice and members of the Forum. SQL (Structured Query Language) or a noSQL database, the PaaS service provides a user with the benefit of simply. So the organization does not, need so many administrators and trained staff. Furthermore, it is a service broker who negotiates the terms, of the contract between the provider and the user. potreby KIS, ilina, 2015. One issue explored in my research is whether we should … These infrastructures are deployed, independently but are also interconnected by technology that. Cloud-based IoT platforms are gaining momentum in recent years with notable advances made by large corporations such as Microsoft, Amazon, and Google. ments, uses, characteristics and standards of CC systems. The Open Group Cloud Ecosystem Reference Model. —This paper deals with standardization in Cloud, On-demand self-service. It also offers SaaS providers insights into the factors that should be prioritized or avoided when offering SaaS services to companies at different stages of their technology adoption lifecycle. Most of these, features are summarized as cross-cutting aspects in ITU-T, On the other hand, there are attempts to standardize these, aspects, such as standard ISO/IEC 19941:2017 [25], that deals, with interoperability and portability of CC systems. 285-292, 2010. that are in most of the current CC environments. The meaning of the reference, architecture is that it facilitates understanding of the require-. Sort By. P.O. From the above definitions it can be stated that CC systems, are distributed technology platforms that provide various ser, vices on demand. industry-group-service-level-agreements, 2018. of Conduct,” https://ec.europa.eu/digital-single-market/en/cloud-select-. The use of such a CC application is platform-independent, example, we can mention Office 365 from Microsoft that offers, office-friendly services. CSA CCM Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips. 2. layers because they interact with multiple layers. Access restrictions for. Computer Science and Software Engineering, vol. in Cloud Computing," International Journal of Advanced Research in According to, NIST SP 500-291, a hybrid cloud is called an infrastructure, that consists of multiple CC infrastructures (private, com-, munity, and public CC). The public cloud is also suitable for, the organization, that needs a higher performance in the short, term, for example to solve a project. Because the provider leaves users free of applications, they, usually protect them in some way. "Dynamic Reconfigurable Network Modeled by Network P. Fecilak et al. As. inaccessibility or leakage may cause problems for the user. It can be managed either by the, customer itself or by a third party that the customer orders by, management. In our, opinion, this is necessary next work to standardize these as-, pects for massive expansion of cloud services and de. Darauf aufbauend wurde in einem iterativen Vorgehen ein Kriterienkatalog abgeleitet. All figure content in this area was uploaded by Marek Moravcik, All content in this area was uploaded by Marek Moravcik on Dec 28, 2018, Faculty of Management Science and Informatics, University of Zilina, Uni, Computing (CC). ODCA – SuoM 11. Mainly ITU-T and NIST, released several documents, that are describing basic functions, and setups of Cloud in either private and public usage, that. Such a limitation can be secured. It is also appropriate if they require some kind, of dedicated server, such as a personal web server that is, constantly available.

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