CLASS ; COLLEGE ... European countries seeking to colonize for reasons of trade and wealth were apt to choose … Question: What did the colonizers do when they encountered these new civilizations? Many colonists (who were unsuccessful in other parts of the world like Germany, Scotland, Britain, etc.) This ideology would continue for hundreds of years, into the nineteenth century, despite those who tried to convince the Europeans otherwise. Colombus was leading a Spanish expedition that led the way for much future colonization, especially in the Caribbean region, and both North and South America. In the case of the Roanoke colony, this proved fatal. Centuries later, in 1492, to be exact, came Christopher Columbus, who does not need much introduction. Question: What were the effects of the American exploration and colonization on the rest of the world? Many of them went for Gold and Spices. Source(s): been alot of places,school books told me,and alot of people from other … Though Europe still had many wild places, it was nothing compared to the vastness of the American continents. The idea that’s Europeans we’re superior was promoted by Europeans to assert their dominance and avoid the hard questions of why they conquered Natives and the damages they wrought. The war was mainly fought between two … amazing article! American colonies, also called thirteen colonies or colonial America, the 13 British colonies that were established during the 17th and early 18th centuries in what is now a part of the eastern United States.The colonies grew both geographically along the Atlantic coast and westward and numerically to 13 from the time of their founding to the American Revolution (1775–81). Before Columbus. If they would gone wars in east and west, it would a collapse of the whole europe... Tiffany (author) from USA on December 02, 2013: I could have, but there are plenty of sites that try to provide one answer. Vikings are believed to be the first Europeans that have reached the Americas and established colonies in Greenland that survived for 400 years (they have been sailing to Iceland but ended up in Greenland instead). Another factor was European ideology. The thirst for land. There are many reasons. You could have just summed it up like for the little kids who go on the web site check. I highly recommend a visit to the National Museum of the American Indian in Washington, D.C., which has several galleries that explore native cultures and the impacts that colonization have had on them. Finally, there was simply the issue of distance - Europe was a long way off, and with no readily available stores or governments, the Europeans who colonized America were basically on their own for weeks at a time, with sparse communication and resupply from the European continent. Christianity and Colonial Expansion in the Americas. They devoured works of foreign lands, raised on stories of the final Crusades and the worlds beyond their manors. VENUGOPAL SIVAGNA from India. This work was very informative, and helped me better understand why we were invaded in the first place. Well, actually, that is not true. Answer: They were not. Finally, the importation of the compass from the Chinese allowed sailors to better understand where they were going and where they were, taking out much of the uncertainty of sailing. Early European settlers had many motives for coming to North America. The Russians had to cross freakin’ Siberia for the first time, and then figure out whether there even was anything on the other side. Europeans treated natives as part of "prehistory" - thinking that the natives were people who had been isolated and cut off from humanity, thus unable to be exposed to the civilizing influences of Christianity and classical learning. Historians estimate that 80-95% of indigenous peoples died from European diseases alone. ... they wanted to control everything the colonized everywhere,africa Hawaii,south america,everywhere...its just that everywhere eles people ran them out of...mexican revolutionary for example. In their new centralized political authority, they recruited armies, supported new organizations, created national taxes and effective national courts, and amassed a wealth and dominion over European lands not seen since Roman times. Europeans contacted male natives more, which upset the balance of power in tribes. However, finding “riches and gold” wasn’t a primary factor - they more desired a way to get to the East (China, Japan, and the Spice Islands) that did not involve going through (and paying) middle-men such as the Arabs. However, the attempt failed. I believe many of the motivators for the Europeans to move to and colonize North and South America was due to material gain and religious freedom. The need for resources to support growing populations in Europe. It would've happened eventually. The answer is that the Eurasian land mass (Europe and Asia) had distinct natural advantages: More species of large animals that could be domesticated; more … If "we" means Native Americans living in America at the time, then the answer is still nothing - because Europeans were the ones who came. Why did europeans colonize South America? One reason is latitude. The lust for gold enticed the spanish to colonize and decimate the local population in south america. By 1650, however, England had established a dominant presence on the Atlantic coast. The Emperor wasn't interested). In general, however, most historians attribute colonization to mixed causes. Why Did Europe Colonize America? Given the cultural differences between Europeans and Native Americans and the many advantages on the European side, it's hard to imagine any result but the European conquest. It was only natural that, once their kingdoms had settled, they would turn their eyes towards bypassing the Arab trade routes - and the increasingly profiteering Arabian middle men - for sea passages to Africa, Asia, and beyond. This allowed for the European conquest of lands without guilt, much as the Christian ideology of the Crusades had allowed for the prolonged warfare and death in conquest for God's holy lands. Europe is rising from the ashes of a black night: the Middle Ages, or Medieval Period. British Colonizing in Nigeria In the late 19th and early 20th century, Europeans had raced to colonize the country Africa. Need an explanation please. Nothing "made Europeans colonize"; it was an active decision that they chose to do. Available land would likely have been what attracted most colonists, although other factors such as religious persecution were obviously at play. Thus, Catlin and others incorporated the idea that Jesus - and possible the apostles - had visited the New World and, because the natives had rejected them, that Christians should reclaim their "lost Possession". Answer: European countries were constantly in power struggles with each other, always needing to find a way to outmaneuver their opponents. They started to explore it and eventually colonized it. The Europeans were interested in colonizing America because of prestige, religious conversion, natural resources, and land expansion. Relevance. Favorite Answer. This does not make one more superior than the other. Why Did the Europeans Colonise the Americas? Exposure to the Arabian world inadvertantly exposed Crusaders - and the monks, scholars, and officials who accompanied them - to the preserved classical learning of the Ancient Worlds. While the Crusades had brought about prolonged warfare, especially in a time when disease rampaged those at home, it also brought the key to Europe's salvation: classical learning. Many European explorers viewed the accomplishments of earlier tribes - such as the mounds of Cahokia - as being beyond the abilities of the natives they encountered. I hold a Masters in Public History and specialize in telling the hidden stories of women and objects from ancient times to today. Literacy was no longer limited to the royalty and upper classes. Through publication of religious texts in common languages and the missionary zeal of the Crusades, many Christians believed it was their duty to spread their faith. Contact with Europeans exposed these peoples to these diseases, leading to the most devastating series of pandemics in human history. There are many reasons for the colonization of the Americas, some of which we already mentioned, but the most important reasons can be interpreted as political, economic, religious, and social. The development of new colonies provided various new sources of wealth and economic opportunities. It is called a world war because it was the first war which affected so many countries all over the world. Most natives (ill get to this one in a minute), it is believed, came to America via the Bering Strait. The Europeans just needed to get on a boat. As Jack Page stated, "An unwritten rule had governed much of human history: those who came upon and conquered other lands had the right of possession - of the land and its riches." God, gold, and glory motivated European nations to explore and create colonies in the New World. The French, British, and … Yet their gamble paid off. In sum, why didn’t the Russian colonize America before the Europeans? Access to knowledge increased as texts were no longer written in the traditional Latin and instead published in vernacular (common) languages. All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2020 worldatlas.com, New Caledonia, French Territory In The Pacific, The Story Of World War II's Nazi Youth Indoctrination Camps, Reasons Why The British Were Successful In Expanding Their Empire. At there current condition if they had reached east, i feel they would have lost half of their empire . Later, he sailed three more times to America, still clueless about his actual whereabouts. Spanish already showed the way towards the source of precious metals, and new lands were big opportunities for merchants. 1473: João Vaz Corte-Real perhaps … 3 Answers. Why didn't the Asians (Koreans, Japanese, Chinese, Polynesian, etc) colonize and settle in N/S America like the Europeans did? A third issue would be disease - while it is common knowledge that European diseases ravaged Native populations, the Natives also introduced Europeans to many diseases - including syphilis! It took place from July 1914 to November 1918. This, I believe, is your question exactly! The names Nova Scotia, New England, and New Amsterdam (now … The only two European powers who coordinated their colonial efforts early on were Portugal and Spain, the rest was mostly uncoordinated chaos, looking for new wealth. Soon, European countries were vying to colonize Africa in order to grow their own empires and assert both financial and political power over other European … It can also be described as an ideology of superiority. That may be why myths of cannibalism, of the decimation of previously glorious civilizations like Atlantis, and many other rumors were spread to help shred the guilt of murder and conquest. The Crusades had generated the need for portable religion that could be understood by commoners - another reason for the publication of the Bible in English. Now why did people come to America. The climate in South Africa is very similar to that of Europe. came to the Americas to escape many of the social disadvantages they encountered like famine, political commotion, and war. The muck and grime of city streets haunts the ill, creating tunnels of death and cries of fear at a God who seems to have forsaken them. At that time, they would not have thought that they were colonising America. Reasons for the British Colonization of North America The English had many motives for founding the colonies in America. For example, Spanish colonizers tended to enslave the Natives or convert them to Christianity (or both), but some Spanish colonizers were against this and advocated for Native rights. And a combination of the right time, the right place, and the right people to not only explore a New World, but to conquer it and thereby change the world as we knew it forever. Thank you. Tropical diseases are also one of the main reasons why the transatlantic slave trade developed the way it did. Europe was a patriarchal society, while the majority of Native American societies were matriarchal. In fact, they were encouraged as sources of trade and new tools. Additionally, Europeans individually moved to the American colonies (I assume you mean the British ones, as there were also French, Dutch, and Spanish colonies) for many reasons. It is hard to define colonialism without associating it with imperialism due to the colonizers' political and economic control. And even within one culture, colonizers could behave very differently. Spain colonized America because the Spanish wanted to build their empire, create additional trading ports and routes, expand their military control and convert the native peoples to their religious beliefs. Some suggest they were hunting mammoths and got lost in the new land. In theorizing this, Benjamin Smith Martin and others opened the doors for conquest to crush the barbarians who had destroyed such rich civilizations. During the 1500s, significant advances were made in charts and mapping, allowing for more efficient and detailed communication of navigational information. Once Columbus sailed the ocean blue in fourteen-hundred and ninety-two, the world changed forever. Spain was the first European country to colonize what today is North and South America, and the Spanish approach to the region came from several directions.One was from the Caribbean area, primarily Cuba and Puerto Rico, into Florida.At its height of development, … 1 decade ago. The newcomers were looking to expand trade, gain wealth or seek religious freedom. The first Europeans to establish colonies in North America were the Spanish. Christianity had arisen to become a world power in itself during the Dark Ages. First, the land was geographically unknown to them. Many parts of the Americas soon came to be under the rule of Europeans, resulting in large migrations, exchange of goods, and contagious diseases. This was further backed by those, such as George Catlin, who proposed that Jesus had visited the New World, but that the natives had rejected his teachings. Answer: Many issues. Smallpox, influenza, and measles were only some of the culprits that thrived in the close quarters of native settlements and slavery quarters. Why did Europeans colonize North America? From time immemorial, man tried to win over the land of another man. Whatever the reasons behind conquest, it seems almost inevitable. could be grown in the colonies, sent back to England, and turned into finished products. (As discussed in greater detail in “Guns Germs and Steel” by Jared Diamond.) Answer: Many! Learn more about the colonization of North America and the plight of Native Americans with these classroom resources. In the late 1500s, English immigrants began traveling to America in search of gold and to establish new settlements. Monarchs provided the funding and support needed for inventors to work long hours on projects that may not prove fruitful. Yet all of these reasons still did not make the trip to the East - or to anywhere long-distance - feasible. They often married native populations, producing the mestizo and mulatto populations, and were more tolerant of racial differences than later settlers. Over the next several years, written knowledge spread further and faster than ever before, as the age of handwritten copies came to an end. England established colonies along the eastern coast of North America, which gradually became profitable over time. God Religious Freedom Glory To Be Famous Gold To Make Money For a man who was in the stage of asphixiation due to overpopulation in Europe, American virgin lands would have shown him heavens. In the 1400s, Europe's lust for Arabian soil, its hardships under provincial loyalties and prolonged plagues, and its darkness from the learning of the Ancient world came to a close. A Norse colony in Greenland was established in the late 10th century, and lasted until the mid 15th century, with court and parliament assemblies (þing) taking place at Brattahlíð and a bishop located at Garðar. It was Spain and Portugal that made the first conquests of the Americas, with Spanish conquering Aztec and Inca Empires and Portugal, leaving its mark across the eastern part of South America.Â. British Colonize Nigeria. In other words, why did Europeans progress more quickly technologically than did the natives of North and South America? Great Britain was the leaders at this time in colonizing the land filled with rich natural recourses. The migration was provoked by various reasons. Long story short; it was all about power. Also, the colonies provided a market for those goods. People have died, suffering from plague after plague born on ships from far countries and caused by poor hygiene and public sanitation. North America Offered: The 3 G's Gold was the Most Important! 986: Norsemen settle Greenland and Bjarni Herjólfsson sights coast of North America, but doesn't land (see also Norse colonization of the Americas). But out of the death and devastation will arise a new era, one which will change the world forever. Or, perhaps, it would have happened by nature anyway, as new diseases and the uprooting from their traditional lands ravaged native populations and decreased their numbers from millions to only thousands of mixed descent. Upon finding an island in the Bahamas, he was sure that he discovered islands of Japan and China, and that he was sailing in the Indian Ocean. Explorers wanted to make money for Europe, and North America brought new resources such as gold and land. They were not invited. Why Did European Countries Come to North America? It was impossible for average people to get their own land, and therefore this limit an individuals ability to advance in society. Norwegian explorers are the first known Europeans to set foot on what is now North America. Colonization of America The famous European explorers came from England, Spain, Italy, Portugal and France - Refer to the French in America and the Spanish in America. If "we" means modern Americans, then there is nothing we did to help them because we were not alive. Second, language barriers - when they did encounter Native groups, the two would need to develop ways to communicate. Loaded Fries Takeaway, Heavy Duty Box Spring, Chelsea Creek History, Denon Heos Link Wireless Pre-amplifier, Graduation Cap Clip Art Black And White, … Continue reading →" /> CLASS ; COLLEGE ... European countries seeking to colonize for reasons of trade and wealth were apt to choose … Question: What did the colonizers do when they encountered these new civilizations? Many colonists (who were unsuccessful in other parts of the world like Germany, Scotland, Britain, etc.) This ideology would continue for hundreds of years, into the nineteenth century, despite those who tried to convince the Europeans otherwise. Colombus was leading a Spanish expedition that led the way for much future colonization, especially in the Caribbean region, and both North and South America. In the case of the Roanoke colony, this proved fatal. Centuries later, in 1492, to be exact, came Christopher Columbus, who does not need much introduction. Question: What were the effects of the American exploration and colonization on the rest of the world? Many of them went for Gold and Spices. Source(s): been alot of places,school books told me,and alot of people from other … Though Europe still had many wild places, it was nothing compared to the vastness of the American continents. The idea that’s Europeans we’re superior was promoted by Europeans to assert their dominance and avoid the hard questions of why they conquered Natives and the damages they wrought. The war was mainly fought between two … amazing article! American colonies, also called thirteen colonies or colonial America, the 13 British colonies that were established during the 17th and early 18th centuries in what is now a part of the eastern United States.The colonies grew both geographically along the Atlantic coast and westward and numerically to 13 from the time of their founding to the American Revolution (1775–81). Before Columbus. If they would gone wars in east and west, it would a collapse of the whole europe... Tiffany (author) from USA on December 02, 2013: I could have, but there are plenty of sites that try to provide one answer. Vikings are believed to be the first Europeans that have reached the Americas and established colonies in Greenland that survived for 400 years (they have been sailing to Iceland but ended up in Greenland instead). Another factor was European ideology. The thirst for land. There are many reasons. You could have just summed it up like for the little kids who go on the web site check. I highly recommend a visit to the National Museum of the American Indian in Washington, D.C., which has several galleries that explore native cultures and the impacts that colonization have had on them. Finally, there was simply the issue of distance - Europe was a long way off, and with no readily available stores or governments, the Europeans who colonized America were basically on their own for weeks at a time, with sparse communication and resupply from the European continent. Christianity and Colonial Expansion in the Americas. They devoured works of foreign lands, raised on stories of the final Crusades and the worlds beyond their manors. VENUGOPAL SIVAGNA from India. This work was very informative, and helped me better understand why we were invaded in the first place. Well, actually, that is not true. Answer: They were not. Finally, the importation of the compass from the Chinese allowed sailors to better understand where they were going and where they were, taking out much of the uncertainty of sailing. Early European settlers had many motives for coming to North America. The Russians had to cross freakin’ Siberia for the first time, and then figure out whether there even was anything on the other side. Europeans treated natives as part of "prehistory" - thinking that the natives were people who had been isolated and cut off from humanity, thus unable to be exposed to the civilizing influences of Christianity and classical learning. Historians estimate that 80-95% of indigenous peoples died from European diseases alone. ... they wanted to control everything the colonized everywhere,africa Hawaii,south america,everywhere...its just that everywhere eles people ran them out of...mexican revolutionary for example. In their new centralized political authority, they recruited armies, supported new organizations, created national taxes and effective national courts, and amassed a wealth and dominion over European lands not seen since Roman times. Europeans contacted male natives more, which upset the balance of power in tribes. However, finding “riches and gold” wasn’t a primary factor - they more desired a way to get to the East (China, Japan, and the Spice Islands) that did not involve going through (and paying) middle-men such as the Arabs. However, the attempt failed. I believe many of the motivators for the Europeans to move to and colonize North and South America was due to material gain and religious freedom. The need for resources to support growing populations in Europe. It would've happened eventually. The answer is that the Eurasian land mass (Europe and Asia) had distinct natural advantages: More species of large animals that could be domesticated; more … If "we" means Native Americans living in America at the time, then the answer is still nothing - because Europeans were the ones who came. Why did europeans colonize South America? One reason is latitude. The lust for gold enticed the spanish to colonize and decimate the local population in south america. By 1650, however, England had established a dominant presence on the Atlantic coast. The Emperor wasn't interested). In general, however, most historians attribute colonization to mixed causes. Why Did Europe Colonize America? Given the cultural differences between Europeans and Native Americans and the many advantages on the European side, it's hard to imagine any result but the European conquest. It was only natural that, once their kingdoms had settled, they would turn their eyes towards bypassing the Arab trade routes - and the increasingly profiteering Arabian middle men - for sea passages to Africa, Asia, and beyond. This allowed for the European conquest of lands without guilt, much as the Christian ideology of the Crusades had allowed for the prolonged warfare and death in conquest for God's holy lands. Europe is rising from the ashes of a black night: the Middle Ages, or Medieval Period. British Colonizing in Nigeria In the late 19th and early 20th century, Europeans had raced to colonize the country Africa. Need an explanation please. Nothing "made Europeans colonize"; it was an active decision that they chose to do. Available land would likely have been what attracted most colonists, although other factors such as religious persecution were obviously at play. Thus, Catlin and others incorporated the idea that Jesus - and possible the apostles - had visited the New World and, because the natives had rejected them, that Christians should reclaim their "lost Possession". Answer: European countries were constantly in power struggles with each other, always needing to find a way to outmaneuver their opponents. They started to explore it and eventually colonized it. The Europeans were interested in colonizing America because of prestige, religious conversion, natural resources, and land expansion. Relevance. Favorite Answer. This does not make one more superior than the other. Why Did the Europeans Colonise the Americas? Exposure to the Arabian world inadvertantly exposed Crusaders - and the monks, scholars, and officials who accompanied them - to the preserved classical learning of the Ancient Worlds. While the Crusades had brought about prolonged warfare, especially in a time when disease rampaged those at home, it also brought the key to Europe's salvation: classical learning. Many European explorers viewed the accomplishments of earlier tribes - such as the mounds of Cahokia - as being beyond the abilities of the natives they encountered. I hold a Masters in Public History and specialize in telling the hidden stories of women and objects from ancient times to today. Literacy was no longer limited to the royalty and upper classes. Through publication of religious texts in common languages and the missionary zeal of the Crusades, many Christians believed it was their duty to spread their faith. Contact with Europeans exposed these peoples to these diseases, leading to the most devastating series of pandemics in human history. There are many reasons for the colonization of the Americas, some of which we already mentioned, but the most important reasons can be interpreted as political, economic, religious, and social. The development of new colonies provided various new sources of wealth and economic opportunities. It is called a world war because it was the first war which affected so many countries all over the world. Most natives (ill get to this one in a minute), it is believed, came to America via the Bering Strait. The Europeans just needed to get on a boat. As Jack Page stated, "An unwritten rule had governed much of human history: those who came upon and conquered other lands had the right of possession - of the land and its riches." God, gold, and glory motivated European nations to explore and create colonies in the New World. The French, British, and … Yet their gamble paid off. In sum, why didn’t the Russian colonize America before the Europeans? Access to knowledge increased as texts were no longer written in the traditional Latin and instead published in vernacular (common) languages. All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2020 worldatlas.com, New Caledonia, French Territory In The Pacific, The Story Of World War II's Nazi Youth Indoctrination Camps, Reasons Why The British Were Successful In Expanding Their Empire. At there current condition if they had reached east, i feel they would have lost half of their empire . Later, he sailed three more times to America, still clueless about his actual whereabouts. Spanish already showed the way towards the source of precious metals, and new lands were big opportunities for merchants. 1473: João Vaz Corte-Real perhaps … 3 Answers. Why didn't the Asians (Koreans, Japanese, Chinese, Polynesian, etc) colonize and settle in N/S America like the Europeans did? A third issue would be disease - while it is common knowledge that European diseases ravaged Native populations, the Natives also introduced Europeans to many diseases - including syphilis! It took place from July 1914 to November 1918. This, I believe, is your question exactly! The names Nova Scotia, New England, and New Amsterdam (now … The only two European powers who coordinated their colonial efforts early on were Portugal and Spain, the rest was mostly uncoordinated chaos, looking for new wealth. Soon, European countries were vying to colonize Africa in order to grow their own empires and assert both financial and political power over other European … It can also be described as an ideology of superiority. That may be why myths of cannibalism, of the decimation of previously glorious civilizations like Atlantis, and many other rumors were spread to help shred the guilt of murder and conquest. The Crusades had generated the need for portable religion that could be understood by commoners - another reason for the publication of the Bible in English. Now why did people come to America. The climate in South Africa is very similar to that of Europe. came to the Americas to escape many of the social disadvantages they encountered like famine, political commotion, and war. The muck and grime of city streets haunts the ill, creating tunnels of death and cries of fear at a God who seems to have forsaken them. At that time, they would not have thought that they were colonising America. Reasons for the British Colonization of North America The English had many motives for founding the colonies in America. For example, Spanish colonizers tended to enslave the Natives or convert them to Christianity (or both), but some Spanish colonizers were against this and advocated for Native rights. And a combination of the right time, the right place, and the right people to not only explore a New World, but to conquer it and thereby change the world as we knew it forever. Thank you. Tropical diseases are also one of the main reasons why the transatlantic slave trade developed the way it did. Europe was a patriarchal society, while the majority of Native American societies were matriarchal. In fact, they were encouraged as sources of trade and new tools. Additionally, Europeans individually moved to the American colonies (I assume you mean the British ones, as there were also French, Dutch, and Spanish colonies) for many reasons. It is hard to define colonialism without associating it with imperialism due to the colonizers' political and economic control. And even within one culture, colonizers could behave very differently. Spain colonized America because the Spanish wanted to build their empire, create additional trading ports and routes, expand their military control and convert the native peoples to their religious beliefs. Some suggest they were hunting mammoths and got lost in the new land. In theorizing this, Benjamin Smith Martin and others opened the doors for conquest to crush the barbarians who had destroyed such rich civilizations. During the 1500s, significant advances were made in charts and mapping, allowing for more efficient and detailed communication of navigational information. Once Columbus sailed the ocean blue in fourteen-hundred and ninety-two, the world changed forever. Spain was the first European country to colonize what today is North and South America, and the Spanish approach to the region came from several directions.One was from the Caribbean area, primarily Cuba and Puerto Rico, into Florida.At its height of development, … 1 decade ago. The newcomers were looking to expand trade, gain wealth or seek religious freedom. The first Europeans to establish colonies in North America were the Spanish. Christianity had arisen to become a world power in itself during the Dark Ages. First, the land was geographically unknown to them. Many parts of the Americas soon came to be under the rule of Europeans, resulting in large migrations, exchange of goods, and contagious diseases. This was further backed by those, such as George Catlin, who proposed that Jesus had visited the New World, but that the natives had rejected his teachings. Answer: Many issues. Smallpox, influenza, and measles were only some of the culprits that thrived in the close quarters of native settlements and slavery quarters. Why did Europeans colonize North America? From time immemorial, man tried to win over the land of another man. Whatever the reasons behind conquest, it seems almost inevitable. could be grown in the colonies, sent back to England, and turned into finished products. (As discussed in greater detail in “Guns Germs and Steel” by Jared Diamond.) Answer: Many! Learn more about the colonization of North America and the plight of Native Americans with these classroom resources. In the late 1500s, English immigrants began traveling to America in search of gold and to establish new settlements. Monarchs provided the funding and support needed for inventors to work long hours on projects that may not prove fruitful. Yet all of these reasons still did not make the trip to the East - or to anywhere long-distance - feasible. They often married native populations, producing the mestizo and mulatto populations, and were more tolerant of racial differences than later settlers. Over the next several years, written knowledge spread further and faster than ever before, as the age of handwritten copies came to an end. England established colonies along the eastern coast of North America, which gradually became profitable over time. God Religious Freedom Glory To Be Famous Gold To Make Money For a man who was in the stage of asphixiation due to overpopulation in Europe, American virgin lands would have shown him heavens. In the 1400s, Europe's lust for Arabian soil, its hardships under provincial loyalties and prolonged plagues, and its darkness from the learning of the Ancient world came to a close. A Norse colony in Greenland was established in the late 10th century, and lasted until the mid 15th century, with court and parliament assemblies (þing) taking place at Brattahlíð and a bishop located at Garðar. It was Spain and Portugal that made the first conquests of the Americas, with Spanish conquering Aztec and Inca Empires and Portugal, leaving its mark across the eastern part of South America.Â. British Colonize Nigeria. In other words, why did Europeans progress more quickly technologically than did the natives of North and South America? Great Britain was the leaders at this time in colonizing the land filled with rich natural recourses. The migration was provoked by various reasons. Long story short; it was all about power. Also, the colonies provided a market for those goods. People have died, suffering from plague after plague born on ships from far countries and caused by poor hygiene and public sanitation. North America Offered: The 3 G's Gold was the Most Important! 986: Norsemen settle Greenland and Bjarni Herjólfsson sights coast of North America, but doesn't land (see also Norse colonization of the Americas). But out of the death and devastation will arise a new era, one which will change the world forever. Or, perhaps, it would have happened by nature anyway, as new diseases and the uprooting from their traditional lands ravaged native populations and decreased their numbers from millions to only thousands of mixed descent. Upon finding an island in the Bahamas, he was sure that he discovered islands of Japan and China, and that he was sailing in the Indian Ocean. Explorers wanted to make money for Europe, and North America brought new resources such as gold and land. They were not invited. Why Did European Countries Come to North America? It was impossible for average people to get their own land, and therefore this limit an individuals ability to advance in society. Norwegian explorers are the first known Europeans to set foot on what is now North America. Colonization of America The famous European explorers came from England, Spain, Italy, Portugal and France - Refer to the French in America and the Spanish in America. If "we" means modern Americans, then there is nothing we did to help them because we were not alive. Second, language barriers - when they did encounter Native groups, the two would need to develop ways to communicate. Loaded Fries Takeaway, Heavy Duty Box Spring, Chelsea Creek History, Denon Heos Link Wireless Pre-amplifier, Graduation Cap Clip Art Black And White, … Continue reading →" />
 
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European nations came to the Americas to increase their wealth and broaden their influence over world affairs. why did europeans colonize in america? The … Perhaps European colonization’s single greatest impact on the North American environment was the introduction of disease. These monarchs were more than willing and able to provide the sponsorship - and funding - for such expeditions. Question: Why did the Europeans want riches and gold? But, before Columbus discovered America which was 500 years before, the norse had reached America … This was really interesting and it really helped me in the history homework. Why Did Europeans Want to Explore and Colonize America? Effects included the spread of disease; exchange of crops, crafts, ideas, etc. However, the root of the word comes from the Latin word colonus (farmer) and thus is frequently used to address the practice of population transfer from one territory to another. The rise of the railroad made it possible to transport goods and people throughout the continent, and advancements in medicine made it easier for Europeans to live there. Some came to the east and some were driven by winds towards west, where they found an enormous virgin lands, full of natural resources. As a historian, that is what I try to communicate in my articles as well as sharing as much up to date knowledge as possible. •Through the 1600s, England established colonies including Plymouth and Charleston, giving it a solid line of control along the Atlantic coast. By Antonia Čirjak on May 22 2020 in History. Johann Gutenberg provided the next step in Europe's journey when he invented movable type - the precursor of the printing press - in the 1440s. European missionaries, however, preached monogamy. The increasing exposure to classical learning and the sense of scientific exploration generated during the Renaissance also led to a deeper understanding of the trade winds, which ships utilized to make the journey to the East faster. Answer Save. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Sometime during the 11th century was the first of many European colonization endeavors. This map shows why. The main reasons for the colonization of the Americas are political, economic, religious, and social. Many of the religious communities, like the Pilgrims, came to the Americas to seek religious freedom and the freedom to organize a better life for themselves. Europe wanted to get rich without having to go through the Islamic middle man for goods from India. Start studying Why Did Europeans Alone Explore & Colonize the Americas?. There are numerous examples of colonialism throughout the world's history, as it was always present. The Crusades had also generated a curiosity about the world beyond Europe, leading to the expansion of trade routes and new links with previously mythical lands. A final factor that opened the Age of Discovery was religious zeal. Even today, Europeans' exploration and colonization of the world is still felt. ; religious conversions; forced removal of Native American tribes from their land; warfare; new economic trade routes; and the growth of new cultures and merging of old ones. Tiffany (author) from USA on October 25, 2014: Thank you, Brandon! The Colonisation started with the discovery of America by Columbus in 1492. It teemed with resources that Europe had long lost, filled with new species and plants, and had a readily accessible guide and labor source in the natives who befriended them. Women became the protectors of traditional culture, which sanctioned their authority, but were often sabotaged by the lust for European goods. Christopher Columbus. Europeans colonized the Americas to enhance their power and influence over world affairs, as well as ease their hunger for gold, silver, and other precious metals. There are many answers, and I suggest reading some of the accounts of colonizers (you can find many of these documents online for free) to get a better sense of what happened. By 1650, however, England had … The vikings had settlements as early as 1000, and the Europeans colonized most of North and South America by 1700. Answer: The effects were huge and long-lasting. It is hard to define colonialism without associating it with imperialism due to the … The ideology of existing slavery and indentured servitude. Answer: That's a good question. Even the natives were peaceful, holding their own in early peaceful trading for metals, communicating through sign language, and generally rejecting attempts to become "civilized" by European standards. I hold a Masters in Public History and specialize in telling the hidden stories of women and objects from ancient times to today. I suggest you look up “Spanish conquistadors” and you will find many stories of Spanish explorers in America. Britain’s colonization of the Americas is unique in that Britain was not a unified state when it began its colonial project. But thank you. It actually became an epidemic in Europe after American contact. However, during that time, the Vikings and the indigenous people of Greenland (Inuits) were not on the best of terms. The Spanish were among the first Europeans to explore the New World and the first to settle in what is now the United States. This was a but long but at least I got my answer,answered. Even the English differed on how they should interact with Natives - some were afraid, others saw trade opportunities, and still others just wanted to conquer or kill them. even if it is from 8 years ago! They did colonize Africa, but not like America or so much. Europeans and Native Americans developed over millennia on drastically different continents. manga_gal_usa. It depends on which colonizers - as there were many, from many different cultures. The first English settlers settled in Roanoke. For our purpose, we will use it to describe the process of European settlement and political and economic control over the Americas. Answer: Please see this article: https://owlcation.com/humanities/Why-did-the-Europ... -- several of the answers are there. But when they reach new places primitive, so they start new system which is similar to companies mercantilism and slavery. These explorers approached the new monarchs - the Tudors, Louis XI of France, and Ferdinand and Isabella of Spain - to gain ships and men to find better trade routes to Asia. c. 1000: Norse settle briefly in L'Anse aux Meadows in Newfoundland. The start of the European Colonization of the Americas is typically dated to 1492, although there was at least one earlier colonization effort. English Immigrants in America. By Staff Writer Last Updated Mar 24, 2020 6:22:03 PM ET. Get an answer for 'Why did the English want to colonize America?' Norse journeys to Greenland and Canada are supported by historical and archaeological evidence. The Spanish were among the first Europeans to explore the New World and the first to settle in what is now the United States. Viking sagas describe many of their conflicts with Inuits, whom they dubbed as Skraelings. The European kingdoms dire needed money to survive for wars . To colonize means to dominate, to exhibit power. In the 14th century, when Europeans started their voyages towards east, in search of India's wealth, Chinese silk for their trade. Chinese dynasties preferred a tributary network instead of European or Pan-Arabic style colonisation.. There is no real answer, because archaeologists and historians are constantly finding new evidence that changes our understanding of history. But while the reacquisition of classical learning was a key, it was not the only key. But if they initially got along so well, what changed? His name was Richard Hakluyt. The rema… Question: How were European people more superior to the Native Americans during the colonization of America? The exact reason is unknown. In 1526 a Spaniard called Lucas Vasquez de Allyon attempted to found a colony in Carolina. Additionally, technologies in ship building - including triangular sails (which moved better against the wind) and the stern-post rudder (which made a ship more maneuverable) - made it possible to travel farther distances. They did this for material resources, labor resources, prestige, strategic positions, and religious evangelism. Perhaps, then, European conquest was part of human nature: our desire for more, for better, no matter the cost. Supported by European monarchs (except in England...), the Catholic Church encouraged exploration in order to bring all of humanity under God's rule. Why did Germany Lose WW1 Why did Germany lose World War One World War One was a war between several countries in Europe. The desire for new trade routes and luxury goods. It is the mid-to-late 1400s. It has also been plagued by war: the Crusades, having taken most hardworking men far from their homes, uncertain of return; and fierce provincial battles between Lords for control over land and the peasants who work it. Instead, their accomplishments were attributed to ancient European visitors or natural features of the landscape. It seems as inevitable as anything in history. Answer: You need to define "we." c. 1450: Norse colony in Greenland dies out. Vikings are considered to be the first Europeans that formed colonies in the Americas. The Spanish also went for … What do you mean by people? Question: What famous men sailed from Spain? Why Did Spain Colonize America? This reasoning worked well enough considering the key motivation for Europeans traders to sail beyond Europe was to bypass Arabic … I would recommend a short couple sentence answer but this works too, why do Europeans want to take over every thing ? Second sons of wealthy nobles, afforded an education but no rights to inherit their father's property due to existing laws which favored firstborn sons, now sought their fortunes in exploration. Question: Why would Europeans want to move to the American colonies? Aided by the Europeans' superior military technology and resistance to diseases through centuries of exposure to foreign lands, it would have been easy to enslave populations that were dying. Others attributed the achievements to lost civilizations, which although true led to many theories that these "lost civilizations" had been defeated and murdered by the natives they now encountered. And you know why they colonized South Africa? These included escaping persecution (religiously or politically), a chance to create a larger estate and personal/family wealth than was available back home, adventure, personal freedom, etc. Question: What issues might the Europeans have faced when they got to America? Europeans colonized the Americas to enhance their power and influence over world affairs, as well as ease their hunger for gold, silver, and other precious metals. By Tim Lambert. The Europeans were interested in colonizing America because of prestige, religious conversion, natural resources, and land expansion. Despite the legacy of the conquistadors and the decimation of native populations, initial counters were far from hostile. I'm very glad it was able to help you! Given that the European continent is rather small in terms of resources - and that Asian / Middle Eastern / African resources were already claimed by significant empires - the Europeans attempted to look elsewhere to get such riches. His model (the Hakluyt Model) said that it is the right and duty of the Britons to colonize America in order to get rid of British superfluous people, trade with Native Americans, and teach them Christianity. They were wanting to going to east,but they went west by mistake. Those who went for trading, to America, never returned and settled there to found a new world. Most colonists and explorers were single men - the second sons of nobles or those from the poorest agricultural regions of Europe - who were seeking their fortunes. What did was the technological revolution of the Renaissance. Even today, the effects of colonialism are still felt, such as seen in debates on whether Columbus was a 'good' man or whether his ambitions and realities are responsible for the continued poverty and socio-economic issues of Native peoples. The reason that Britain came to colonize was due to one man's model. The religious backing of a Church whose ideology seems to have changed to fit the circumstances and expand its pockets. The works of Plato, Aristotle, Socrates, and many others once again were returned to European soil and copied by the monks who slaved in monasteries over texts day after day. Also, many native societies were polygamous in some respect, due to the frequent warfare between tribes which often claimed the lives of warriors and the ownership of the losers as slaves, thus separating families. There were no translators, up until the time that Manteo was kidnapped backed to England and - for his own survival - learned English and became a translator. The development of British colonies in America mirrored that of the British state in Europe. Post navigation. Author: Tiffany. The start of the European Colonization of the Americas is typically dated to 1492, although there was at least one earlier colonization effort. and find homework help for other European Colonization of North America questions at eNotes It is said that religious motives played the most important role but economic motives played just as big of a role. Colonialism is commonly described as a practice of gaining economic and political control over another country. A HISTORY OF COLONIAL AMERICA. To a society were land is scarce, and not only this land ownership represented wealth and prosperity, having an entire continent which they deemed to be mostly empty would have been a tantalizing proposition. Monarchs, and their subjects, were now entranced by the New World. Each country had similar reasons for traveling to the New World, primarily to expand the European empires and exploit the resources of the new land. its our debate now in societies and individuals im a black loyalist. First I would like to talk about several of the material gains that were either made or expected to be made in the move to explore North and South America's. By Antonia Čirjak on May 22 2020 in History. While some Norwegian colonies were established in north eastern North America as early as the 10th century, systematic European colonization began in 1492. Question: What did we do to help the Europeans come to America? really helped me! They didn't try because it wasn't politically relevant to them (i.e. The first known Europeans to reach the Americas are believed to have been the Vikings ("Norse") during the eleventh century, who established several colonies in Greenland and one short … In light of this, monarchs and missionaries looked to spread religion as much as to convert others as to enhance their own esteem. Although gender did not seem to play a major role, it did upset the traditional culture of the natives, thus subverting authority when younger natives chose to listen to the Europeans. While Native Americans resisted European efforts to amass land and power during this period, they struggled to do so while also fighting new diseases introduced by the Europeans and the slave trade. Europe by the end of the 1400's had a high population, and an entrench landed elite. These pandemics explain why Europeans were able to conquer so much of the Americas so quickly … This fascination with the East, and increasing demand for the spices, gold, and silk which it offered, was the first major motivation for European exploration. Get an answer for 'Why did the English want to colonize America?' Microbes to which native inhabitants had no immunity led to death everywhere Europeans settled. (He also brought the first black slaves to North America). There’s not really one simple explanation. As a Native American, I already know what the Europeans done and should've done, but any people: From Europeans to Asians, would've came here and infected millions with their alien diseases. The first colony was … on July 01, 2011: In the 14th century it would have been the same madness for additional land area, to serve the growing population and changes in people's living style. One factor was gender. and find homework help for other European Colonization of North America … Europeans did in fact colonize a part of Africa fairly early - South Africa. Settlers from Spain chose the lands around ... > CLASS ; COLLEGE ... European countries seeking to colonize for reasons of trade and wealth were apt to choose … Question: What did the colonizers do when they encountered these new civilizations? Many colonists (who were unsuccessful in other parts of the world like Germany, Scotland, Britain, etc.) This ideology would continue for hundreds of years, into the nineteenth century, despite those who tried to convince the Europeans otherwise. Colombus was leading a Spanish expedition that led the way for much future colonization, especially in the Caribbean region, and both North and South America. In the case of the Roanoke colony, this proved fatal. Centuries later, in 1492, to be exact, came Christopher Columbus, who does not need much introduction. Question: What were the effects of the American exploration and colonization on the rest of the world? Many of them went for Gold and Spices. Source(s): been alot of places,school books told me,and alot of people from other … Though Europe still had many wild places, it was nothing compared to the vastness of the American continents. The idea that’s Europeans we’re superior was promoted by Europeans to assert their dominance and avoid the hard questions of why they conquered Natives and the damages they wrought. The war was mainly fought between two … amazing article! American colonies, also called thirteen colonies or colonial America, the 13 British colonies that were established during the 17th and early 18th centuries in what is now a part of the eastern United States.The colonies grew both geographically along the Atlantic coast and westward and numerically to 13 from the time of their founding to the American Revolution (1775–81). Before Columbus. If they would gone wars in east and west, it would a collapse of the whole europe... Tiffany (author) from USA on December 02, 2013: I could have, but there are plenty of sites that try to provide one answer. Vikings are believed to be the first Europeans that have reached the Americas and established colonies in Greenland that survived for 400 years (they have been sailing to Iceland but ended up in Greenland instead). Another factor was European ideology. The thirst for land. There are many reasons. You could have just summed it up like for the little kids who go on the web site check. I highly recommend a visit to the National Museum of the American Indian in Washington, D.C., which has several galleries that explore native cultures and the impacts that colonization have had on them. Finally, there was simply the issue of distance - Europe was a long way off, and with no readily available stores or governments, the Europeans who colonized America were basically on their own for weeks at a time, with sparse communication and resupply from the European continent. Christianity and Colonial Expansion in the Americas. They devoured works of foreign lands, raised on stories of the final Crusades and the worlds beyond their manors. VENUGOPAL SIVAGNA from India. This work was very informative, and helped me better understand why we were invaded in the first place. Well, actually, that is not true. Answer: They were not. Finally, the importation of the compass from the Chinese allowed sailors to better understand where they were going and where they were, taking out much of the uncertainty of sailing. Early European settlers had many motives for coming to North America. The Russians had to cross freakin’ Siberia for the first time, and then figure out whether there even was anything on the other side. Europeans treated natives as part of "prehistory" - thinking that the natives were people who had been isolated and cut off from humanity, thus unable to be exposed to the civilizing influences of Christianity and classical learning. Historians estimate that 80-95% of indigenous peoples died from European diseases alone. ... they wanted to control everything the colonized everywhere,africa Hawaii,south america,everywhere...its just that everywhere eles people ran them out of...mexican revolutionary for example. In their new centralized political authority, they recruited armies, supported new organizations, created national taxes and effective national courts, and amassed a wealth and dominion over European lands not seen since Roman times. Europeans contacted male natives more, which upset the balance of power in tribes. However, finding “riches and gold” wasn’t a primary factor - they more desired a way to get to the East (China, Japan, and the Spice Islands) that did not involve going through (and paying) middle-men such as the Arabs. However, the attempt failed. I believe many of the motivators for the Europeans to move to and colonize North and South America was due to material gain and religious freedom. The need for resources to support growing populations in Europe. It would've happened eventually. The answer is that the Eurasian land mass (Europe and Asia) had distinct natural advantages: More species of large animals that could be domesticated; more … If "we" means Native Americans living in America at the time, then the answer is still nothing - because Europeans were the ones who came. Why did europeans colonize South America? One reason is latitude. The lust for gold enticed the spanish to colonize and decimate the local population in south america. By 1650, however, England had established a dominant presence on the Atlantic coast. The Emperor wasn't interested). In general, however, most historians attribute colonization to mixed causes. Why Did Europe Colonize America? Given the cultural differences between Europeans and Native Americans and the many advantages on the European side, it's hard to imagine any result but the European conquest. It was only natural that, once their kingdoms had settled, they would turn their eyes towards bypassing the Arab trade routes - and the increasingly profiteering Arabian middle men - for sea passages to Africa, Asia, and beyond. This allowed for the European conquest of lands without guilt, much as the Christian ideology of the Crusades had allowed for the prolonged warfare and death in conquest for God's holy lands. Europe is rising from the ashes of a black night: the Middle Ages, or Medieval Period. British Colonizing in Nigeria In the late 19th and early 20th century, Europeans had raced to colonize the country Africa. Need an explanation please. Nothing "made Europeans colonize"; it was an active decision that they chose to do. Available land would likely have been what attracted most colonists, although other factors such as religious persecution were obviously at play. Thus, Catlin and others incorporated the idea that Jesus - and possible the apostles - had visited the New World and, because the natives had rejected them, that Christians should reclaim their "lost Possession". Answer: European countries were constantly in power struggles with each other, always needing to find a way to outmaneuver their opponents. They started to explore it and eventually colonized it. The Europeans were interested in colonizing America because of prestige, religious conversion, natural resources, and land expansion. Relevance. Favorite Answer. This does not make one more superior than the other. Why Did the Europeans Colonise the Americas? Exposure to the Arabian world inadvertantly exposed Crusaders - and the monks, scholars, and officials who accompanied them - to the preserved classical learning of the Ancient Worlds. While the Crusades had brought about prolonged warfare, especially in a time when disease rampaged those at home, it also brought the key to Europe's salvation: classical learning. Many European explorers viewed the accomplishments of earlier tribes - such as the mounds of Cahokia - as being beyond the abilities of the natives they encountered. I hold a Masters in Public History and specialize in telling the hidden stories of women and objects from ancient times to today. Literacy was no longer limited to the royalty and upper classes. Through publication of religious texts in common languages and the missionary zeal of the Crusades, many Christians believed it was their duty to spread their faith. Contact with Europeans exposed these peoples to these diseases, leading to the most devastating series of pandemics in human history. There are many reasons for the colonization of the Americas, some of which we already mentioned, but the most important reasons can be interpreted as political, economic, religious, and social. The development of new colonies provided various new sources of wealth and economic opportunities. It is called a world war because it was the first war which affected so many countries all over the world. Most natives (ill get to this one in a minute), it is believed, came to America via the Bering Strait. The Europeans just needed to get on a boat. As Jack Page stated, "An unwritten rule had governed much of human history: those who came upon and conquered other lands had the right of possession - of the land and its riches." God, gold, and glory motivated European nations to explore and create colonies in the New World. The French, British, and … Yet their gamble paid off. In sum, why didn’t the Russian colonize America before the Europeans? Access to knowledge increased as texts were no longer written in the traditional Latin and instead published in vernacular (common) languages. All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2020 worldatlas.com, New Caledonia, French Territory In The Pacific, The Story Of World War II's Nazi Youth Indoctrination Camps, Reasons Why The British Were Successful In Expanding Their Empire. At there current condition if they had reached east, i feel they would have lost half of their empire . Later, he sailed three more times to America, still clueless about his actual whereabouts. Spanish already showed the way towards the source of precious metals, and new lands were big opportunities for merchants. 1473: João Vaz Corte-Real perhaps … 3 Answers. Why didn't the Asians (Koreans, Japanese, Chinese, Polynesian, etc) colonize and settle in N/S America like the Europeans did? A third issue would be disease - while it is common knowledge that European diseases ravaged Native populations, the Natives also introduced Europeans to many diseases - including syphilis! It took place from July 1914 to November 1918. This, I believe, is your question exactly! The names Nova Scotia, New England, and New Amsterdam (now … The only two European powers who coordinated their colonial efforts early on were Portugal and Spain, the rest was mostly uncoordinated chaos, looking for new wealth. Soon, European countries were vying to colonize Africa in order to grow their own empires and assert both financial and political power over other European … It can also be described as an ideology of superiority. That may be why myths of cannibalism, of the decimation of previously glorious civilizations like Atlantis, and many other rumors were spread to help shred the guilt of murder and conquest. The Crusades had generated the need for portable religion that could be understood by commoners - another reason for the publication of the Bible in English. Now why did people come to America. The climate in South Africa is very similar to that of Europe. came to the Americas to escape many of the social disadvantages they encountered like famine, political commotion, and war. The muck and grime of city streets haunts the ill, creating tunnels of death and cries of fear at a God who seems to have forsaken them. At that time, they would not have thought that they were colonising America. Reasons for the British Colonization of North America The English had many motives for founding the colonies in America. For example, Spanish colonizers tended to enslave the Natives or convert them to Christianity (or both), but some Spanish colonizers were against this and advocated for Native rights. And a combination of the right time, the right place, and the right people to not only explore a New World, but to conquer it and thereby change the world as we knew it forever. Thank you. Tropical diseases are also one of the main reasons why the transatlantic slave trade developed the way it did. Europe was a patriarchal society, while the majority of Native American societies were matriarchal. In fact, they were encouraged as sources of trade and new tools. Additionally, Europeans individually moved to the American colonies (I assume you mean the British ones, as there were also French, Dutch, and Spanish colonies) for many reasons. It is hard to define colonialism without associating it with imperialism due to the colonizers' political and economic control. And even within one culture, colonizers could behave very differently. Spain colonized America because the Spanish wanted to build their empire, create additional trading ports and routes, expand their military control and convert the native peoples to their religious beliefs. Some suggest they were hunting mammoths and got lost in the new land. In theorizing this, Benjamin Smith Martin and others opened the doors for conquest to crush the barbarians who had destroyed such rich civilizations. During the 1500s, significant advances were made in charts and mapping, allowing for more efficient and detailed communication of navigational information. Once Columbus sailed the ocean blue in fourteen-hundred and ninety-two, the world changed forever. Spain was the first European country to colonize what today is North and South America, and the Spanish approach to the region came from several directions.One was from the Caribbean area, primarily Cuba and Puerto Rico, into Florida.At its height of development, … 1 decade ago. The newcomers were looking to expand trade, gain wealth or seek religious freedom. The first Europeans to establish colonies in North America were the Spanish. Christianity had arisen to become a world power in itself during the Dark Ages. First, the land was geographically unknown to them. Many parts of the Americas soon came to be under the rule of Europeans, resulting in large migrations, exchange of goods, and contagious diseases. This was further backed by those, such as George Catlin, who proposed that Jesus had visited the New World, but that the natives had rejected his teachings. Answer: Many issues. Smallpox, influenza, and measles were only some of the culprits that thrived in the close quarters of native settlements and slavery quarters. Why did Europeans colonize North America? From time immemorial, man tried to win over the land of another man. Whatever the reasons behind conquest, it seems almost inevitable. could be grown in the colonies, sent back to England, and turned into finished products. (As discussed in greater detail in “Guns Germs and Steel” by Jared Diamond.) Answer: Many! Learn more about the colonization of North America and the plight of Native Americans with these classroom resources. In the late 1500s, English immigrants began traveling to America in search of gold and to establish new settlements. Monarchs provided the funding and support needed for inventors to work long hours on projects that may not prove fruitful. Yet all of these reasons still did not make the trip to the East - or to anywhere long-distance - feasible. They often married native populations, producing the mestizo and mulatto populations, and were more tolerant of racial differences than later settlers. Over the next several years, written knowledge spread further and faster than ever before, as the age of handwritten copies came to an end. England established colonies along the eastern coast of North America, which gradually became profitable over time. God Religious Freedom Glory To Be Famous Gold To Make Money For a man who was in the stage of asphixiation due to overpopulation in Europe, American virgin lands would have shown him heavens. In the 1400s, Europe's lust for Arabian soil, its hardships under provincial loyalties and prolonged plagues, and its darkness from the learning of the Ancient world came to a close. A Norse colony in Greenland was established in the late 10th century, and lasted until the mid 15th century, with court and parliament assemblies (þing) taking place at Brattahlíð and a bishop located at Garðar. It was Spain and Portugal that made the first conquests of the Americas, with Spanish conquering Aztec and Inca Empires and Portugal, leaving its mark across the eastern part of South America.Â. British Colonize Nigeria. In other words, why did Europeans progress more quickly technologically than did the natives of North and South America? Great Britain was the leaders at this time in colonizing the land filled with rich natural recourses. The migration was provoked by various reasons. Long story short; it was all about power. Also, the colonies provided a market for those goods. People have died, suffering from plague after plague born on ships from far countries and caused by poor hygiene and public sanitation. North America Offered: The 3 G's Gold was the Most Important! 986: Norsemen settle Greenland and Bjarni Herjólfsson sights coast of North America, but doesn't land (see also Norse colonization of the Americas). But out of the death and devastation will arise a new era, one which will change the world forever. Or, perhaps, it would have happened by nature anyway, as new diseases and the uprooting from their traditional lands ravaged native populations and decreased their numbers from millions to only thousands of mixed descent. Upon finding an island in the Bahamas, he was sure that he discovered islands of Japan and China, and that he was sailing in the Indian Ocean. Explorers wanted to make money for Europe, and North America brought new resources such as gold and land. They were not invited. Why Did European Countries Come to North America? It was impossible for average people to get their own land, and therefore this limit an individuals ability to advance in society. Norwegian explorers are the first known Europeans to set foot on what is now North America. Colonization of America The famous European explorers came from England, Spain, Italy, Portugal and France - Refer to the French in America and the Spanish in America. If "we" means modern Americans, then there is nothing we did to help them because we were not alive. Second, language barriers - when they did encounter Native groups, the two would need to develop ways to communicate.

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